Nabiela Noaman, Hassan Ouda, Johan Christiaens
The way ‘Heritage Assets’ are preserved is a symbol of a country’s civilization (Shan, 2006). Heritage assets (HA) are of utmost signiﬁcance to shaping nations’ identities. Their signiﬁcance is derived from their historical, aesthetic, scientiﬁc and social values. They should be well preserved to continue offering social beneﬁts for an indeﬁnite period (Barton, 2005). Countries possessing rich legacies of HA should manage them properly to evade negligence and loss of such irreplaceable possessions. Thus, governments are responsible for safeguarding HA and ensuring their retention for future generations.
Jozef Čech, Marian Šofranko
Traditional methods of economic evaluation by techniques of investment and ﬁnancial analysis with regards to the speciﬁcs of business, engineering and project economics are well known, e.g. (Gillespie, 2013; Newnan et al., 2013; Mian, 2011). Their use in mining evaluation is well adopted. The groundwork in the given ﬁeld was done and provided in (Gentry & O’Neil, 1984) with following (Runge, 1998). More sophisticated math approach is represented by application of option value paradigm added to classical investment analysis, taking into account managerial aspect of decision ﬂexibility during the project’s life. One of the ﬁrst application to mining appeared within (Xiaoli & Elbrond, 1996) and to take a more recent, e.g. within (Hall & Nicholls, 2008) and (Saluga, 2011).
Parcel delivery service, or courier service, is deﬁned as delivering small and light parcels, quickly and accurately relying on sophisticated networks and the reliable tracking of the shipments (Ducret, 2014). Due to the rapid expansion of e-commerce, parcel delivery service industry became one of the fastest growing industries in the world and characterized as follows. First, it is an asset intensive industry since it requires huge investment on facilities such as delivering vehicles and hub facilities. Because of huge investment and long payback period, small and medium sized companies are seldom found in the market. Second, the core competencies of company are the speed and the accuracy of delivery.
Aneel Kumar, Khalil Ahmed Channa, Niaz Ahmed Bhutto
Usually an individual performs two most prominent roles in daily life. One is the work role, other is the family role. It is not uncommon to ﬁnd it difﬁcult for an employee to balance both roles simultaneously and as a result they may face work family conﬂict. Following this conﬂict perspective, mostly studies have looked into the darker side of work family balance i.e., work family conﬂict (Greenhaus & Powell, 2006; McNall, Nicklin, & Masuda, 2010) but some researchers argued the positive side of work family interface (Aldous, 1969; Marks, 1977; Sieber, 1974). The conﬂict perspective of work and family role has been paid with extra attention in work place.
Ľudmila Nagyová, Monika Horáková, Serhiy Moroz, Elena Horská, Zuzana Poláková
The dynamic development of foreign trade is important for the stable economic position of each country. It can be considered as a conﬁrmation of the actual efﬁciency of the national economy and its ability to be competitive in the global economic system. The growth of this trade is particularly essential for Ukraine, taking into account the crisis situation in the country. In this paper, we analyze main tendencies of export trade of Ukraine with Visegrad countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic) and examine whether there is a relationship between the level of GDP and the volume of export activities between these countries.
Jan Kramoliš, Anna Kotásková
As a result of dynamic changes on the market and a tightened competitiveness struggle, design is becoming one of the key business triggers to gain the essential competitive advantage in business. Bruce and Bessant (2002) state the major beneﬁts of design management: increase proﬁt by increasing sales or by decreasing manufacturing costs, increase market share, gain a competitive advantage, revamp mature and failing products, and provide a strategy for growth. Design is a way of launching a new product of service. Bloch (1995) also states that a good design attracts consumers to a product and adds value to the product by increasing the quality of the usage experiences associated with it. Managers are well aware of what design is and of the fact that it can add value in a competitive environment (Kramoliš, 2015).
Since the late 1980s, the Czech Republic has undergone the transformation process from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. The modernization of the country’s ﬁnancial sector is a fundamental condition for economic growth. The beginning of the transformation was associated with a rapid increase in credit activity. There was a decrease in the growth rate in the second half of the 1990s, followed by a decrease in the volume of lending. The volume of lending has increased again and the number of ‘bad’ credits has increased also since 2000.
Lenka Maličká, Slavomíra Martinková
In industrial and developed countries, the restructuring of public sector increased the importance of ﬁscal decentralization in the second half of 20th century. In Eastern Europe its implementation delayed to the 1990´s. The decentralization of decision-making powers was supported by the ﬁscal federalism theory in the 1950´s and 1960´s (Oates, 2005) developed by Samuelson (1954; 1955), Tiebout (1956), Musgrave (1959). In this period many famous authors as Olson, Buchanan, etc. published their ideas in the ﬁeld of collective action (Zabkowicz, 2017). Famous is also the decentralization theorem formalized by Oates (1972) and the Leviathan hypothesis elaborated by Brennan and Buchanan (1980).
Viera Pacáková, Lucie Kopecká
Quality health care system is a priority for citizens of each country and a precondition for economic prosperity. The public health systems in many counties bear the huge burden of treatment of serious diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, respiratory, mental and other chronic diseases represent great suffering to citizens and represent a huge cost to society and the economy. It is estimated that they will cost the global economy around €22.5 trillion between 2012 and 2030 (EU, 2013).
Pavol Minárik, Marek Vokoun, František Stellner
The period of economic recession and crisis usually intensiﬁes the discussion of policies that aim to increase economic performance. Among these we often ﬁnd suggestions to increase support of research and development, entrepreneurship and innovations. Economic crises create certain pressures to search for adequate policies in this respect; at the same time, crises seem to be the appropriate periods for implementing new policies. However, the research of the relation between business cycles and innovative activities is still rather marginal.