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MODELLING INTERNATIONALIZATION OF HIGH GROWTH FIRMS: MICRO LEVEL APPROACH

Renata Korsakienė, Vratislav Kozak, Svajonė Bekešienė, Rasa Smaliukienė

High-g rowth firms (HGFs) make a significant impact on the development of countries’ economies and micro, or firm level, factors are vital in understanding this phenomenon. Indeed, HGFs are unique engine of national economies that contribute essentially to economic growth which is much sought after in internationally open economic environment. More specifically, HGFs internationalization is perceived as a source of productivity, export and employment growth in the country. Economic policies of countries, as a macro level stimulus, aim to provide impetus for HGFs development, however understanding micro level factors of HGFs creation, development and internationalization are the basis for macro level decisions. Studying and modelling of micro level factors not only provides an opportunity to understand the phenomenon of HGFs but also develops the basis for policy decisions especially in the field of business internationalization.
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ECONOMIC PROJECTION AND EVALUATION OF MINING VENTURE

Jozef Čech, Marian Šofranko

Traditional methods of economic evaluation by techniques of investment and financial analysis with regards to the specifics of business, engineering and project economics are well known, e.g. (Gillespie, 2013; Newnan et al., 2013; Mian, 2011). Their use in mining evaluation is well adopted. The groundwork in the given field was done and provided in (Gentry & O’Neil, 1984) with following (Runge, 1998). More sophisticated math approach is represented by application of option value paradigm added to classical investment analysis, taking into account managerial aspect of decision flexibility during the project’s life. One of the first application to mining appeared within (Xiaoli & Elbrond, 1996) and to take a more recent, e.g. within (Hall & Nicholls, 2008) and (Saluga, 2011).
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THE METHODOLOGY OF DIGITAL SHADOW ECONOMY ESTIMATION

Ligita Gasparėnienė, Yuriy Bilan, Rita Remeikienė, Romualdas Ginevičius, Martin Čepel

Although following the Regulation No. 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (EU Commission, 2013), EU Member States are not obliged to measure the scopes of non-observed economy in the European system of national accounts, the economists and statisticians stress the need to estimate the scopes of this phenomenon to have reliable and comparable data on the structure and trends of both national and regional economies.
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TYPES OF BANK LOANS AND THEIR IMPACT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Jan Černohorský

In this article, we discuss the relationship of banks, or loans provided by them, and economic development. We decided to investigate this relationship as banks in today’s economies play a significant role as a vital institution in the financial markets, where there is a distribution of monetary funds from surplus entities to deficit entities. A necessary precondition of a functioning economy, in its present mostly mixed form, is a functioning and stable banking system. Currently, uncovered money is to a great extent the money generated by private banks, mainly in the form of loans.
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COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP BANKS FOR THE PERIOD 2009-2013

Liběna Černohorská, Anatoliy Pilyavskyy, William Aaronson

Banks are fi nancial institutions that mediate payments, provide loans and take deposits from clients. The banking system has become an important component in the economic sector of each country. Like other industries, the banking industry has its own unique characteristics and specifi cs that adapt to internal and external influences economic sector. Each country requires a reliable and stable banking system to assure the proper functioning of the economy. The problems in the banking sector will likely have an impact on the entire financial sector.
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GENDER EQUALITY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN SLOVAKIA

Hussam Musa, Lenka Debnárová, Zdenka Musová, Peter Krištofík

In the European environment, a major initiative for responsible business practice was introduced in the Lisbon summit in March 2000, which EU leaders agreed to make the European Union the most competitive and dynamic knowledgebased economy in the world, capable of sustained economic growth with more jobs and grater social cohesion by 2010 (Musová & Poliačiková, 2008). Consequently, the European Commission issued several documents on social responsibility of businesses in order to help integrate the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) into everyday business life. In the year 2001 the European Commission in its Green Paper published the first official definition of CSR as the “voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns of company’s commercial operations and its relationship with its stakeholders” (Horehájová & Marasová, 2008; Sopková & Raškovská, 2012; Martinčík & Polívka, 2012).
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TWIN DEFICITS THREAT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

Marianna Sinicakova, Veronika Sulikova, Beata Gavurova

In the 1980´s the US economy was marked by until then rather unusual external and internal deficits. Similar situation gradually appeared in other countries. During last decade it was analysed in the case of so called PIIGS countries (Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece, and Spain) in the European Union. This co-movement draws interest of many researchers. Generally it is believed that internal deficit (fiscal budget deficit) causes external one (external balance deficit). External balance deficit is usually measured via trade or current account deficit. This phenomenon is called „twin deficit“. Twin deficit problem can be perceived as a vicious circle. High budget deficit generates important current account deficit and this in turn leads to higher budget deficit. Therefore twin deficit threat should be in the centre of attention of policy makers.
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VALUE CREATION FOR STAKEHOLDERS IN HIGHER EDUCATION MANAGEMENT

Jelena Stankevičienė, Agnė Vaiciukevičiūtė

Traditional philosophy behind university and its capability to be prolific generally accent mostly known fields as teaching, research and service to the student as well as society. Evaluation of these fields in terms of its quality and efficiency encourage universities to allocate appropriate evaluation criteria (weights) in order to maintain consistency in performance process that follows all units within the university.
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DOES CONCENTRATION OF OWNERSHIP AND FAMILY CONTROL AFFECT SPECIALISATION/DIVERSIFICATION BUSINESS STRATEGIES?

Alejandro Hernández-Trasobares, Carmen Galve-Górriz

Interest in diversification has largely focused on three topics: the way in which business diversification can be measured, the relationship between diversification and business results and the factors that determine diversification. However, less attention has been paid to the impact of ownership structure (concentration and main shareholder) on degree of business diversification.
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RECENT TRENDS IN THE STUDY OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS

Sorin Adrian Achim

In the present globalized world, investments play a key role. But the international fi nancial crisis has affected both the course of these fl ows and their intensity. Investors have reconsidered their positions and strategies on the market. There are more options for investors to place their money and to develop. Out of these options, an important part of the investment fl ows happens through mergers and acquisitions.
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