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FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION DETERMINANTS: ANALYSIS OF THE EU COUNTRIES´ CLUSTERED SAMPLE IN PERIOD 1995-2015

Lenka Maličká, Slavomíra Martinková

In industrial and developed countries, the restructuring of public sector increased the importance of fiscal decentralization in the second half of 20th century. In Eastern Europe its implementation delayed to the 1990´s. The decentralization of decision-making powers was supported by the fiscal federalism theory in the 1950´s and 1960´s (Oates, 2005) developed by Samuelson (1954; 1955), Tiebout (1956), Musgrave (1959). In this period many famous authors as Olson, Buchanan, etc. published their ideas in the field of collective action (Zabkowicz, 2017). Famous is also the decentralization theorem formalized by Oates (1972) and the Leviathan hypothesis elaborated by Brennan and Buchanan (1980).
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CHANGES IN THE FINANCING OF MUNICIPALITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS OF SELECTED CITIES: POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON DISINTEGRATION PROCESSES AND MUNICIPAL POLICY

Pavel Roubínek, Petr Kladivo, Marián Halás, Jaroslav Koutský, Zdeněk Opravil

There was a signifi cant reduction in the number of municipalities in the Czech Republic in the era of socialism. This was a consequence of the application of the central system of settlement, which was based on Christaller’s theory of central places. In connection with the changes after 1989, there was a disintegration of such integrated communities and the situation has since stabilized.
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