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COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION IN RESUSCITATION OF PATIENTS WITH REFRACTORY CARDIAC ARREST

Klára Burišková, Vladimír Rogalewicz, Petr Ošťádal

Health care economists estimate that 40-50% of annual cost increases can be traced to new technologies or the intensified use of old ones (Callahan, 2008). However, any limitation of their application is massively criticized as unethical. Patients (supported by journalists) believe that new expensive technology will speed-up their treatment and miraculously enhance their quality of life, while physicians are fascinated by fanciful possibilities of state-of-the-art devices. Nevertheless, due to limited resources of health care, each particular utilization of a medical device should be put to the test of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness (Markiewicz, van Til, & Ijzerman, 2014; Rosina et al., 2014). The typical approach used above all in drugs is to calculate cost-effectiveness when the technology is in routine use.
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FOOD PRICES, TAXES, AND OBESITY IN CANADA AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR FOOD TAXATION

Stephen J. Clark, Ludwig O. Dittrich, Stephen M. Law, Dana Stará, Miroslav Barták

An important health financing issue facing Canada and other OECD countries (OECD, 2017) are the health consequences of obesity. Statistics Canada (2014) reports that 51.6% of adult Canadians were overweight or obese in 2009 compared to 53.6% in 2013. The proportion of Canadians who are overweight differs by sex, with 59.2% of Canadian males overweight in 2009 compared to 62% in 2013 and 43.9% of females overweight in 2009 compared to 45.1% in 2013. These increases have led to calls for policies to control obesity (see Clark et al., 2014). These rates of obesity are based on the body mass index (BMI) which is the ratio of weight (in kilograms) to the square of height (in meters). Cranfield (2007) uses the Canadian Community Heath Survey (CCHS) to examine the determinants of the body mass index (BMI) of Canadians.
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TREATMENT COSTS OF PARKINSON’S DISEASE IN CENTRAL EUROPE

Petra Marešová, Blanka Klímová, Martin Vališ, Kamil Kuča, Hana Mohelská

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a serious disease and economic and social problems of present times. It is caused by the loss of dopamineproducing neurons and by the accumulation of a protein into Lewy bodies in neurons in the area of midbrain, in the so-called pars compacta substantia nigra. In fact, before this disease breaks out, there is a loss of 60-80% of dopaminergic neurons (Farlow et al., 2013). There is thus a relatively long period of time preceding the actual manifestation of motor symptoms at which point a substantial proportion of dopaminergic cells has been already lost with no movement-related issues being evident.
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THE COSTS AND REIMBURSEMENTS FOR LUNG CANCER TREATMENT AMONG SELECTED HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Jana Šimrová, Miroslav Barták, Radovan Vojtíšek, Vladimír Rogalewicz

Lung cancer is the most frequently diagnosed oncologic disease worldwide. It is annually diagnosed in nearly 1.4 million patients. It is also the most frequent cause of cancer related deaths. In the Czech Republic, lung cancer occupies a leading position both in the rate of incidence and the mortality rate.
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THE FUNCTIONALITY COMPARISON OF THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS BY THE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS METHOD

Vincent Šoltés, Beáta Gavurová

Hospitals are the weakest segment of the Slovak health care system. Their basic problems are evident in outdated material-technical base, demotivation of physicians, lack of care for the chronically and severely ill patients, regulated and non-competing system of health insurance companies, dysfunctional system of trainings for physician and health professionals. Health care providers (HCP) assess the current health care system as completely unstable.
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Mental Health Financing in Six Eastern European Countries

Martin Dlouhý, Miroslav Barták

According to the World Health Organisation, mental illnesses affect more than 25 % of all people at some time during their lives. Mental illnesses are universal, affecting people of all countries and societies, individuals of all ages, women and men, the rich and the poor, from urban and rural environments. Mental illnesses have an economic impact on societies and on the quality of life of individuals and families.
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The Ownership Form of Hospitals from the Viewpoints of Economic Theory...

Juraj Nemec, Beáta Meričková, Jana Štrangfeldová

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