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QUANTIFYING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF A COUNTRY BASED ON THE LORENZ CURVE

Romualdas Ginevičius, Joanicjusz Nazarko, Dainora Gedvilaitė, Zdzisława Dacko-Pikiewicz

Today market players at all levels, from business operators to countries, strive to be competitive. This aspiration is not passive, and is not only about maintaining current positions. As a result of the global economic development of the world, the growth of global markets forces particular countries to increase the economic scale of the economic growth, otherwise they will lose their positions. The pursuit of an increasing share of international markets becomes the basis for a country’s competitive capacity. Only by keeping pace with the growth of the single market warranty that they remain competitive. Therefore, development becomes a hallmark of competitiveness. In this context, it is important for both science and practice to fully analyse the phenomenon of economic development.
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GREEN GDP: AN ANALYSES FOR DEVELOPING AND DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Saša Stjepanović, Daniel Tomić, Marinko Škare

In the push for more sustainable and greener progress, faster economic growth is no longer a priority. Is this true? There is a broad agreement that global society should strive for a higher standard of human wellbeing that is equitably shared and sustainable. Motivations for such plight are numerous; from economic (GDP measure is dangerously inadequate measure of quality of life since it counts what we produce and consume, but ignores social costs, environmental outcomes and income inequality), ecological (public is getting increasingly concerned with depleted natural resources and polluted environment, and other ecological issues), philosophical (human appetites and the population growth render non-market wellbeing measures to confront it with the society’s material standard of living), political (the concept of so-called green growth is generating diversity in positions, from enthusiastic to cautious, for it can be an opportunity, but also a risk that disfavours one country on international level) to even methodological questions (the lack of recognized methodological principles that would be the basis for reliable statistical data, thus an accurate accounting and valuation system of economic growth and development).
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EVALUATION OF THE FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES ON BASIS OF MULTIPLE INDICATORS CHANGED TO MULTIPLE OBJECTIVES

Changxing Li

Innovation has received more and more attention in the European Union since adoption of the Lisbon Strategy in 2000. In 2010 the European Commission 2010; European Council adopted a new strategy, Europe 2020, which stressed again the importance of innovations. Therefore it is important to evaluate the current level of the European Union Member States’ technological and economic development as well as its innovations impact on it. Innovation impact on economic development was analyzed by correlating various composite indices with GDP per capita indicator (Fagerberg & Srholec, 2008). The author proposes a conceptual model for economic development evaluation according to a world-system approach. The level of economic development can thus be identified by a system of indicators rather than single one (e.g. GDP per capita).
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