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CITY SPECIALISATION AND DIVERSIFICATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE (SEE) COUNTRIES

Ivana Rašić Bakarić, Katarina Bačić, Sunčana Slijepčević

Cities are considered centres of economic activity and, presumably, they remain attractive locations for manufacturing firms so as long as benefits agglomeration economies prevail over the costs of agglomeration diseconomies. Agglomeration economies attract firms and labour to co-locate, while agglomeration diseconomies push firms and labour to relocate to decentralised locations (Richardson, 1995). Industry patterns formed across urban landscape of a country or a region will largely depend on the interplay of these opposite forces, as well as on industry- and firm-specific issues. The size of agglomeration and the economic structure may be interrelated and in some economies, mostly larger, patterns of city specialisation emerge. All cities are characterised by being either specialised or diversified, depending on whether their economic activity is concentrated in similar or dissimilar types of production – and larger cities tend to be more diversified (Duranton & Puga, 2000).
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LONG-TERM INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT: A NEW APPROACH TO THE ECONOMICS OF LOCATION

Petr Dlask, Václav Beran

In both classical economics (Adam Smith, David Ricardo) and neoclassical economics (e.g. John Hicks, Léon Walras, William Stanley Jevons, George Stigler, Carl Menger, John Bates Clark), there are three primary factors of production: land, labor, capital. Land means a resource creating an additional utility and is not only a natural resource to be found above or below the soil. There cannot be a disregard for the decision making process concerning location and investment. The problem is manifest not only in the individual solo investment but also in the portfolio dispersion of investment in an entire region.
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LOCAL ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE WHITE NIGHT FESTIVAL IN KOŠICE

Peter Džupka, Miriam Šebová

Culture, in the way of cultural infrastructure, events and cultural heritage, generates a series of economic effects, both direct effects in the cultural sector (employment, production etc.) and induced effects in other sectors of the local economy (construction, tourism, transport, etc.) (Herrero et al., 2006). The promotion and development of the cultural sector has gained increasing popularity as a medium of urban transformation. This concept has been labelled “culture led urban regeneration” (Garcia, 2004; Lähdesmäki, 2012). The best practises were popularized by cities such as Glasgow, Liverpool, Barcelona and Bilbao.
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A NOVEL SORTING METHOD TOPSIS-SORT: AN APPLICATION FOR TEHRAN ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY EVALUATION

Hassanali Faraji Sabokbar, Ali Hosseini, Audrius Banaitis, Nerija Banaitiene

Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) is all about making choices in the presence of multiple, generally conflicting criteria. Many reallife problems are multi-objective by nature that requires evaluation of more than one criterion. Therefore, MCDM has become an important issue and many researches are devoted to help people make better decision (Montibeller & Franco, 2011; Wang et al., 2015).
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TRANSFORMATION OF RETAILING IN POST-COMMUNIST SLOVAKIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

František Križan, Kristína Bilková, Pavol Kita, Tomáš Siviček

Globalization can influence economies in the transformation in a variety of ways (Blanchard, 1997; Charap & Dyba, 1991; Jarmołowicz & Piatek, 2013; Kita, 2008; Rumpel et al., 2013; Svejnar, 2002; Urbšienė, 2013) and in addition to this, the geographical point of view in this topic is relevant (Coe, 2004; Wrigley 2000). Some of the authors claim, that geography plays a key role in the success of a business (Roig-Tierno et al., 2013).
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REDEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF BROWNFIELDS: A-B-C CLASSIFICATION AND ITS PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Lucie Doleželová, Michal Hadlač, Milada Kadlecová, Stanislav Martinát, Milan Polednik

The issue of brownfields and their redevelopment raises a wide public debate in many countries within the European Union. Existence of this phenomenon, which is both linked to long historical industrial traditions [16] in this region and recent trends in the society like deindustrialization processes, significantly influenced the character and spatial structures of plenty of cities, towns and villages.
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COMPETITIVENESS AND CONVERGENCE OF CZECH REGIONS: PERSISTENCE OF DISCREPANCIES

David Martinčík, Marta Šlehoferová

Regional competitiveness is one of the current topics dealt with in works of many authors. It was brought into focus after the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union, namely due to the possibility of drawing money from EU funds for regional development. These finances are used to increase the competitiveness of regions and decrease regional disparities caused by various factors.
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The Regional Relationship Between Quality of Business and Social Environment: Harmony or Disharmony?

Milan Viturka, René Wokoun, Nikola Krejčová, Petr Tonev, Vladimír Žítek

The relationship between the economic and social development, including its political consequences, is undoubtedly one of the most important matters to be examined by social science studies. The concept of economic development is, however, often confused with a different concept of economic growth. While the economic growth is an increase in production of goods and services, the economic development, together with social development, represents a multidimensional integral part of the broader concept of the civilization development whose main purpose is the overall improvement of the quality of human life.
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Erlander Principle in Managerial Decision Making on Czech and Slovak Urban Transport Routes

Jan Černý, Anna Černá

The first urban public transport lines were established separately, on the basis of individual local needs, in the first half of the 19th century. They used horse-drawn omnibuses. An interesting coincidence is that the first public omnibus line was put into operation both in Prague and in London in 1829. A few decades later, there was promoted the effort to merge the individual lines into coherent systems under common management. For instance, the London General Omnibus Company (LGOC) was founded in 1855. KarlinOmnibus Company (Karlin is a quarter of Prague) arose in 1870. Routes and frequencies of these systems were created intuitively and were modified based on experience. The same become true when the omnibuses were motorized.
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Some Aspects of Sustainable Real Estate Development: a Case Study of Druskininkai Snow Arena in Lithuania

Saulius Raslanas, Andrius Stasiukynas, Mindaugas Krutinis

Real estate development is a multi-aspect business covering activities starting from the reconstruction and release of existing buildings and ending up with the acquisition of undeveloped land and the sale of the built-up land. Buildings have an ever-increasing impact on the environment. The attitude towards designing, construction and building management has been changing. Building classification and norms defining their planning, design, construction and management contribute to the regulation of the impact on the environmental.
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