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EVALUATION OF THE FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES ON BASIS OF MULTIPLE INDICATORS CHANGED TO MULTIPLE OBJECTIVES

Changxing Li

Innovation has received more and more attention in the European Union since adoption of the Lisbon Strategy in 2000. In 2010 the European Commission 2010; European Council adopted a new strategy, Europe 2020, which stressed again the importance of innovations. Therefore it is important to evaluate the current level of the European Union Member States’ technological and economic development as well as its innovations impact on it. Innovation impact on economic development was analyzed by correlating various composite indices with GDP per capita indicator (Fagerberg & Srholec, 2008). The author proposes a conceptual model for economic development evaluation according to a world-system approach. The level of economic development can thus be identified by a system of indicators rather than single one (e.g. GDP per capita).
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THE GAP OF IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN BUSINESS BETWEEN 2014 AND 2016

Jan Kramoliš, Anna Kotásková

As a result of dynamic changes on the market and a tightened competitiveness struggle, design is becoming one of the key business triggers to gain the essential competitive advantage in business. Bruce and Bessant (2002) state the major benefits of design management: increase profit by increasing sales or by decreasing manufacturing costs, increase market share, gain a competitive advantage, revamp mature and failing products, and provide a strategy for growth. Design is a way of launching a new product of service. Bloch (1995) also states that a good design attracts consumers to a product and adds value to the product by increasing the quality of the usage experiences associated with it. Managers are well aware of what design is and of the fact that it can add value in a competitive environment (Kramoliš, 2015).
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INNOVATIONS AMONG PEOPLE. HOW POSITIVE RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK CAN TRIGGER INNOVATION CREATION

Aldona Glińska-Neweś, Agata Sudolska, Arkadiusz Karwacki, Joanna Górka

Nowadays it is more and more frequently emphasized that organization’s ability to innovate is an explanatory factor in determining its competitiveness. It refers to the fact that contemporary organizations act under permanent pressure of economic, technological, political and social changes. Taking into account such an unstable environment, the issue that becomes significant is enhancing organizational capacity to respond to external changes with some novel products, processes, ideas etc. (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995; Bessant, Lamming, Noke, & Philips, 2005; Bessant & Tidd, 2007; Ellonen, Blomqvist, & Puumalainen, 2008; Pietrzak & Łapińska, 2015).
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ACCESS TO FINANCE: INNOVATIVE FIRMS’ PERCEPTIONS IN POST-TRANSITION EU MEMBERS

Valerija Botrić, Ljiljana Božić

It is widely documented in the literature that innovators perceive business obstacles differently from non-innovators (Mohnen et al., 2008; Galia & Legros, 2004). Extant findings indicate that firms are able to surmount obstacles (Baldwin & Lin, 2002; Tourigny & Le, 2004) and efforts to understand how firms manage to innovate despite obstacles have been made (Radas & Božić, 2012). It has also been emphasized in the literature that we need to distinguish between obstacles that cause absence of innovation and those that make innovation difficult (D’Este et al., 2012; D’Este, Rentocchini, & Vega-Jurado, 2015).
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THE IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN BUSINESS PRACTICES OF CZECH COMPANIES

Jan Kramoliš, Pavla Staňková, Michal Richtr

As a result of rapid changes and a growing competitiveness of companies at present, design is becoming one of the key instruments of innovation and also the key instrument of companies´ performance. For the reason of having products more and more technically alike, it is the design that is becoming an instrument of competitiveness as well as the criterion for decision making of final consumers.
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Utilization Level of Business Process Management in Czech Enterprises – Objectives and Factors

David Tuček, Michaela Hájková, Zuzana Tučková

Business Process Management (BPM) is becoming a hot topic for the scientific community solving a variety of research in the field of BPM as well as for the business sector constantly dealing with problems resulting from dynamic changes in the market. A process approach, which is the basis of BPM, is often referred to as a philosophy that is the cornerstone of the work organization in the company and the foundation of all business operations and activities.
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Výběr potenciálních partnerů ze sklářského odvětví ČR pro zapojení do RP EU

Petra Rydvalová, Radka Pittnerová

Lze pomoci rozvoji sklářství (tradičnímu odvětví Čech) přípravou inovačních projektů financovaných z Rámcových programů Evropské unie (dále také EU)? Na tuto otázku hledá odpověď předkládaný článek. Vychází z již realizovaných aktivit týmu Ekonomické fakulty Technické univerzity v Liberci (dále také EF TUL) a VÚTS, a.s., a to v rámci inovačních a výzkumných projektů. Cílem článku je zmapovat stav inovačního potenciálu výrobců vybraných komodit sklářského průmyslu.
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How to Assess Experience – The New Trend in Research Technique, Use in Nonprofit Sector of Entertainment and Educational Industries

Alena Šuldová, Petr Cimler

Customer relationship management (CRM) is an internal strategy and endeavor of a company that addresses the company’s relationship with its environment, customers and suppliers. Its purpose is to improve the company’s reactions to the requirements of external subjects, to ensure effective use of the gained information and to prevent the loss of this information.
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