Archiv vyhledávání


Vyhledávání
Podle hodnot

THE INFLUENCE OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND PUBLIC INCENTIVES ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Petr Hlaváček, Julius Janáček

In the transitional economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the completion of the privatization process, there was increased pressure to win foreign investment to support the ongoing economic transformation. Countries systematically dealt with the problém of a lack of foreign investments (Švejnar, 2002; Hardy et al., 2011). For this reason, in the Czech Republic and in other post-communist countries an incentive system was created for foreign investors (Ginevičius & Šimelytė, 2011). The aim was to increase the attractiveness of the economy for foreign investors in competition with other countries, which also created their own incentive systems. In the Czech legislation, a foreign investor is defined as a company that establishes or expands its representation as a foreign investor in the host economy, which includes acquiring at least 10% of the share of the assets and/or voting rights in a company.
více

CITY SPECIALISATION AND DIVERSIFICATION IN SOUTH EAST EUROPE (SEE) COUNTRIES

Ivana Rašić Bakarić, Katarina Bačić, Sunčana Slijepčević

Cities are considered centres of economic activity and, presumably, they remain attractive locations for manufacturing firms so as long as benefits agglomeration economies prevail over the costs of agglomeration diseconomies. Agglomeration economies attract firms and labour to co-locate, while agglomeration diseconomies push firms and labour to relocate to decentralised locations (Richardson, 1995). Industry patterns formed across urban landscape of a country or a region will largely depend on the interplay of these opposite forces, as well as on industry- and firm-specific issues. The size of agglomeration and the economic structure may be interrelated and in some economies, mostly larger, patterns of city specialisation emerge. All cities are characterised by being either specialised or diversified, depending on whether their economic activity is concentrated in similar or dissimilar types of production – and larger cities tend to be more diversified (Duranton & Puga, 2000).
více

INTEGRATIVE MODEL FOR EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT POTENTIALS OF REGIONS AND ITS APPLICATION ON AN EXAMPLE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Milan Viturka

The regional development became a frequent topic in the Czech Republic mainly after the country entered the EU. Logically, this has led to a growing demand for new theoretical and methodological approaches of regional research, also as a reaction to the unilateral approaches existing at the time defining regional policy in terms of a mix of practical tasks in Central and Eastern European countries.
více

REDEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF BROWNFIELDS: A-B-C CLASSIFICATION AND ITS PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Lucie Doleželová, Michal Hadlač, Milada Kadlecová, Stanislav Martinát, Milan Polednik

The issue of brownfields and their redevelopment raises a wide public debate in many countries within the European Union. Existence of this phenomenon, which is both linked to long historical industrial traditions [16] in this region and recent trends in the society like deindustrialization processes, significantly influenced the character and spatial structures of plenty of cities, towns and villages.
více

Služby v kontextu podnikatelského prostředí České republiky

Miroslav Žižka

Služby se stávají v posledních desetiletích dominujícím odvětvím z hlediska zaměstnanosti a tvorby hrubého domácího produktu. Česká ekonomika prošla z tohoto pohledu velmi zásadními změnami. Na počátku transformace hospodářství v 90. letech minulého století se česká, resp. československá ekonomika řadila do struktury ISA (I - Industry, S - Services, A - Agriculture), tedy s nejvýznamnějším postavením průmyslu na tvorbě HDP, ač rozvinuté tržní ekonomiky se již v té době nalézaly ve stádiu SIA, tzn. s dominancí sektoru služeb na tvorbě HDP a zaměstnanosti pracovní síly. Transformace československého hospodářství s sebou přinesla na jedné straně hluboký absolutní pokles průmyslové a zemědělské výroby a na straně druhé významný vzestup sektoru služeb.
více

Inovace a region: klastry a regionální inovační systém Zlínského kraje

Oldřich Hájek, Jiří Novosák, Zuzana Hovorková

více

?
NAPOVEDA
povinné
Jazyk