AN EVALUATION OF SELECTED ASSETS AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE DECLARATIVE CHARACTERISTIC OF RATIO INDICATORS IN FINANCIAL ANALYSES
The current state of the economy often places managers in the position where they have to determine how to best adjust criteria in order to measure success and deﬁne the required objectives. The current economic situation is marked by permanent changes, emerging new obstacles and opportunities. The main objective pursued by the majority of companies over the long-term horizon is increasing or maximizing their market value through their corporate strategy. The aim of this paper is to show concrete results of Czech ﬁrms to inventory valuation using their own expense or through direct costs may affect the explanatory power of certain indicators of ﬁnancial analysis.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
David Pur, Helena Jáčová, Josef Horák
Financial analysis, ﬁnancial performance of company, inventories, survey, valuation
DOI (& full text):
A company’s ﬁnancial performance is essential when investors compare its competitive position to determine how attractive it is. That is why performance needs to be evaluated from both the…více
A company’s ﬁnancial performance is essential when investors compare its competitive position to determine how attractive it is. That is why performance needs to be evaluated from both the qualitative and quantitative points of view. The classical ﬁnancial approach to measuring a company’s performance based on past results is no longer sufﬁcient; it needs to be complemented with a non-ﬁnancial measurement method. This paper focuses on ﬁnancial analysis, which is one of the tools used for assessing the performance and ﬁnancial status of companies. The current individual ﬁnancial analysis indicators must be processed taking into account the inﬂuences that potentially affect and distort the results, as well as with their comparability over time and within a single accounting unit or among individual companies. As far as ﬁnancial analysis is concerned, attention has to be paid to the method used for evaluating assets and liabilities, as this issue greatly affects the informative utility of ﬁnancial statements and the ﬁnal data relevant to income from operations, which are the input data for processing individual ﬁnancial indicators. After that the paper deals with the research that was focused on companies located in the Czech Republic. The aim of the research was to analyse the methods of measurement of ﬁnancial performance use the Czech companies. Another important task is to plot the approach used by companies to conduct ﬁnancial analysis in the Czech Republic. It should illustrate whether companies process such analysis independently and regularly using their in-house information systems and identify the most commonly- assessed indicators. It is important that companies process their ﬁnancial statements so that they can subsequently be assessed and compared over time while maintaining adherence to the same accounting procedures.