COGNITIVE-AFFECTIVE MODEL OF ACCEPTANCE OF MOBILE PHONE ADVERTISING
There are high expectations for mobile phone marketing (Yang, Kim, & Yoo, 2013). Four trends in particular contribute to the medium’s marketing potential worldwide: (1) the signiﬁcant growth in the use of mobile devices (Khalifa & Shen, 2008); (2) the forecasts of considerable growth in mobile advertising (MMA Mobile Marketing Association, 2012) compared to the predicted steady decline in spending on conventional media (Infoadex, 2014); (3) the development of increasingly sophisticated mobile devices (Miguel-Dávila, López, & De Pablos-Heredero, 2012), which has opened up new avenues and formats for marketing communication with consumers; and (4) the strong results achieved by companies with mobile marketing campaigns.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Cristina Olarte-Pascual, Jorge Pelegrín-Borondo, Eva Reinares-Lara
Mobile advertising, attitudes, perceived usefulness, ease of use, reference group, emotions
DOI (& full text):
There are high expectations for mobile phone marketing and mobile advertising. In various European markets, such as the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy, mobile marketing campaigns have registered…více
There are high expectations for mobile phone marketing and mobile advertising. In various European markets, such as the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy, mobile marketing campaigns have registered response rates of up to 47% among their target audience.
The main aim of this paper is to validate a cognitive-affective model of acceptance of mobile phone advertising that integrates the utilitarian perspective through the technology acceptance model, the affective dimension through emotions, and the moderating role of the normative reference group (NRG). This model was tested with structural equation modelling in a sample of 612 individuals (R2 of 82.4%). To analyse the moderating effect of the NRG, a sequential cluster analysis was applied, generating two groups of users: independent and inﬂuenced. A multi-sample analysis was then performed.
The results showed the advisability of considering attitudes towards mobile advertising to be a variable shaped by conceptually complementary cognitive (perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use) and affective dimensions (positive emotions and negative emotions). Positive emotions had the strongest effect on the formation of this attitude. Negative emotions and cognitive dimensions had a few effect for the acceptance of mobile advertising. With regard to the moderating role of the NRG, among independent users, positive emotions affected the attitude more intensely and a stronger positive relationship was found between this attitude and the intention to receive advertising. No differences were found between independent users and users inﬂuenced by their NRGs with regard to the formation of attitudes due to ease of use, perceived usefulness or negative emotions. The paper thus provides a comprehensive analysis of the acceptance of mobile advertising that integrates both cognitive-affective views and the moderating role of the NRG with implications for management.