TRANSFORMATION OF RETAILING IN POST-COMMUNIST SLOVAKIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION
Globalization can inﬂuence economies in the transformation in a variety of ways (Blanchard, 1997; Charap & Dyba, 1991; Jarmołowicz & Piatek, 2013; Kita, 2008; Rumpel et al., 2013; Svejnar, 2002; Urbšienė, 2013) and in addition to this, the geographical point of view in this topic is relevant (Coe, 2004; Wrigley 2000). Some of the authors claim, that geography plays a key role in the success of a business (Roig-Tierno et al., 2013).
Jméno a příjmení autora:
František Križan, Kristína Bilková, Pavol Kita, Tomáš Siviček
Slovakia, retail, spatial economics, geography, policy making, post-communist
DOI (& full text):
Retailing is a form of exchange, which mediates the movement of goods between the manufacturer, their transfer and sales to the phase of the ﬁeld of ﬁnal consumption. For the past 25 years signiﬁcant…více
Retailing is a form of exchange, which mediates the movement of goods between the manufacturer, their transfer and sales to the phase of the ﬁeld of ﬁnal consumption. For the past 25 years signiﬁcant transformation processes have been identiﬁed in the retailing of post-communist countries that have both an economic and also spatial character. The aim of this paper is to analyze re tailing in Slovakia and its development in the period of 25 years with speciﬁc attention paid to the transformation process. In the paper these processes are classiﬁed and deﬁned in the time and space context. The conclusions of the study show that in Slovakia some trends in globalization processes can be identiﬁed, which are typical in other developed countries. These changes become evident particularly after 1989. The process of atomization of the retail is the ﬁrst analysed process and it is typical for the transition period from the centrally-planned economy to the market economy. The further processes are related to manifestations of globalization in the Slovakian retail. Those are the processes of internationalization, cooperation, and concentration in the retail. By analyzing all of the changes in the Slovak retail it is then possible to identify several stages of transformation. The characteristics of the globalization processes in the retail sector are more intense in urban areas than in rural. For Slovakia, there is a delayed transition in the processes in comparison with neighbouring countries. The size of the market determines the intensity of the manifestations of the globalization processes. The ultimate consolidation of retailers in Slovakia can be categorized as transformation process in the initial stage of development.