TYPES OF BANK LOANS AND THEIR IMPACT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC
In this article, we discuss the relationship of banks, or loans provided by them, and economic development. We decided to investigate this relationship as banks in today’s economies play a signiﬁcant role as a vital institution in the ﬁnancial markets, where there is a distribution of monetary funds from surplus entities to deﬁcit entities. A necessary precondition of a functioning economy, in its present mostly mixed form, is a functioning and stable banking system. Currently, uncovered money is to a great extent the money generated by private banks, mainly in the form of loans.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Banks, bank loans, economic cycle, Engle-Granger causality
This article aims to evaluate the impact of the development of different types of loans in the banking sector on economic development. We will begin with the hypothesis that economic performance…více
This article aims to evaluate the impact of the development of different types of loans in the banking sector on economic development. We will begin with the hypothesis that economic performance increases with the growth of the rate of various types of loans. We will ﬁrst look at research of current scientiﬁc knowledge in respect to bank loans and economic development. The basic idea of this article is the hypothesis described above, determined on the basis of standard economic ﬁndings and based on the results of a majority of related studies. The development of loans provided can be quantiﬁed based on data from the Czech National Bank as total loans and divided into loans to non-ﬁnancial companies and households, as well as mortgage loans and consumer loans. The development of the economy can also be quantiﬁed using data from the Czech Statistical Ofﬁce on the development of the gross domestic product. The period selected is the years 2004-2015. To determine the relationships between selected variables, we have used statistical methods that respect the speciﬁc characteristics of the selected time series, namely the Engle-Granger causality test. Prior to testing, it was necessary to adjust the data as stationary and then test cointegration. An optimum order delay was also determined using the Akaike information criterion. The calculated results, except for consumer loans, conﬁrm the hypothesis regarding the positive impact of the rate of loans provided on economic growth, particularly with a six-month time lag. We have obtained results that correspond to standard economic knowledge and results of most previous studies.