CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS IN ERP SYSTEM ADOPTION: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PRIVATE AND THE PUBLIC SECTOR
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems are enterprise-wide information systems that integrate and control the complete range of processes and functions, in order to provide a holistic view of the business from a single information and information technology (IT) architecture (Klaus, Rosemann, & Gable, 2000), enabling organizations to manage efficient and effective use of their resources by using a complete, integrated, packaged software solution and a common central database for the organization’s information-processing needs (Al-Fawaz, Eldabi, & Naseer, 2010). By adopting an ERP system, organizations are looking for a better use of their own resources in order to raise their own efficiency, which can be jeopardized by high costs associated with ERP implementation, staff training, as well as maintaining and aligning the system with the needs of the organization (Jáčová, Brabec, & Horák, 2013).
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Laslo Seres, Pere Tumbas, Predrag Matkovic, Marton Sakal
ERP adoption, CSFs, private organizations, public organizations
DOI (& full text):
This research provides useful insight into differences in the perception of significance and the degree of fulfillment of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)…více
This research provides useful insight into differences in the perception of significance and the degree of fulfillment of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) adoption between private and public sector organizations. The survey was conducted on a sample of 77 Serbian organizations, with approximately equal representation of those from the private and the public sector. A comprehensive list of CSFs, compiled as a result of an extensive literature review, was included in the questionnaire. The collected data and statistical procedures applied revealed the CSFs that differentiate the organizations from the two observed sectors. Involvement of end users in ERP adoption and implementation activities has proven to be the CSF in relation to which the assessments and attitudes of organizations from the two sectors differ the most. Results of this research indicate that differences between private and public sector organizations are more distinct in terms of their level of fulfillment of ERP adoption CSFs than they are in terms of their assessment of CSFs’ significance. This points to a conclusion that differences in the way of functioning and governance of organizations from these two sectors influence their ability to tackle the problems much more than their ability to recognize them. The practical contribution of this research is in providing some useful findings that can greatly assist relevant stakeholders to achieve a higher success rate in an ERP adoption. In addition to responding to the initial research questions, this paper has also revealed new issues, suggesting the need for further research.