Ekonomika a management
HOW DOES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY IMPACT BANKING EFFICIENCY: A CASE IN CHINA
The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) drew much attention globally as economic growth was followed by such social problems as an increasing gap between the rich and the poor, cultural conﬂicts, and environmental degradation. Having acknowledged the importance of the latter challenges, the United Nations ofﬁcially launched the “Global Compact” project in 2000, thereby calling the enterprises for commitments towards social responsibility in the areas of human rights, labor standards, and environmental protection, among other issues. As an important actor in the global economic development, the banking sector also became aware of huge social costs associated with unsustainable economic growth, and recognized its responsibilities in such areas as an active reduction of social inequality and environmental degradation. Thus it is important to analyze the impact of commitments towards CSR upon banking performance.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Ning Zhu, Jelena Stjepcevic, Tomas Baležentis, Zhiqian Yu, Bing Wang
Banking efﬁciency, corporate social responsibility, data envelopment analysis, conditional framework, multi-directional efﬁciency analysis
DOI (& full text):
Much of the earlier literature was focused on the link between corporate social responsibility and corporate ﬁnancial performance, with contradictory conclusions regarding the impact of corporate…více
Much of the earlier literature was focused on the link between corporate social responsibility and corporate ﬁnancial performance, with contradictory conclusions regarding the impact of corporate social responsibility upon corporate ﬁnancial performance in the literature. Departing from conventional parametric techniques, this paper employs a fully nonparametric approach to analyze the link between corporate social responsibility and corporate ﬁnancial performance in Chinese banking sector. Speciﬁcally, the slack-free Multi-directional Efﬁciency Analysis is extended into the conditional efﬁciency framework. The results indicate that corporate social responsibility has a signiﬁcant impact on banking performance, where an increase in CSR generally leads towards an increase in conditional efﬁciency, but the attainable frontier might be shifted to any direction for the highest values of corporate social responsibility. In details, the analysis of “pure” efﬁciency indicates that corporate social responsibility has a stronger impact on increasing net proﬁt if compared to that on contracting the amount of non-performing loans. In other words, it turns out that corporate social responsibility is likely to affect the attainable frontier in the direction of expanding net proﬁt rather than contracting non-performing loans, because the portfolio of non-performing loans is difﬁcult to reduce and therefore the impact of corporate social responsibility is not signiﬁcant either on the frontier or on average efﬁciency. However, there exists a trade-off between corporate social responsibility and bank performance when a certain limit is exceeded in Chinese banking. Thus, a minimal increase in corporate social responsibility is likely to contribute to improvements in banking performance (productivity), whereas a negative effect is observed at the highest levels of corporate social responsibility.
Ekonomika a management