FIRM VALUE AND CORPORATE CASH HOLDINGS. EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM THE POLISH LISTED FIRMS
In the context of imperfect markets, corporate liquidity represents an important asset to finance investments without raising costly external resources, which imply transaction and information costs. Moreover, the cash holdings offer a buffer against financial distress costs when the firm faces frictions in generating operating cash flows, both in volume and timely. On the other hand, the increase in cash holdings implies several costs: a liquidity premium, tax disadvantages, and agency costs for shareholders (Chang, Benson, & Faff, 2017). The trade-off theory streamlined in the literature governs the firms which need to balance costs and benefits of holding cash to determine the optimal level. While a lot of studies have been done in the direction of identifying the determinants of corporate cash holdings, going further, it is important to understand the relationship between non-earning assets (cash holdings) and firm value, in order to evaluate the corporate financial policies and to attain the right equilibrium between liquidity and profitability.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Sorin Gabriel Anton, Anca Elena Afloarei Nucu
Cash holdings, emerging economy, firm value, financing constraints, financial crisis
DOI (& full text):
In the context of imperfect markets, it is important to understand the relationship between nonearning assets and firm value, in order to evaluate the corporate financial policies and to attain the…více
In the context of imperfect markets, it is important to understand the relationship between nonearning assets and firm value, in order to evaluate the corporate financial policies and to attain the right equilibrium between liquidity and profitability. The aim of our paper is to assess the relationship between corporate cash holdings and firm value for a sample of 719 Polish listed firms over the period 2007-2016. The study reports an inverted U-shape relationship between cash holdings and firm value, irrespective of whether we use static regression methods or dynamic panel regression. Our results confirm the existence of an optimum level of cash holdings at 27.06% of total assets. Furthermore, the nonlinear relationship between firm value and corporate cash holdings is found for all Polish listed firms, financially and less financially constrained. We report two breakpoints of the cash-value relationship, in the context of financial constraints, and the results indicate that the optimum level of cash holdings is much higher for financially constrained firms than less financially constrained ones. Finally, we show that the financial crisis has no additional impact on the nonlinear relationship between cash holdings and firm value. We validate the financial constraints as having a more pronounced effect on the relationship between corporate cash holdings and firm value, compared to the financial crisis, as intervening effects, in the context of the Polish economy. This study holds important microeconomics policy implications – firm-level financial policies should evaluate the tradeoff between cash holdings and market value in order to maintain the firm financial performance.