Ekonomika a management
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN AREA OF HUMAN RESOURCES AND MONITORING RESULTS AS DETERMINANTS OF SME’S SUCCESS IN POLAND AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC
Towards the end of the 1980s, all the countries of the former socialist bloc had to wrestle with structural and systemic problems. At the moment of entering the period of transformations, Poland and Czechoslovakia were characterized by different conditions, among others, GDP per capita, the range of macroeconomic imbalance, inflation rate, indebtedness, or the share of the private sector. In Poland, private ownership dominated in agriculture, while in trade and service its share was significant. On the other hand, as regards Czechoslovakia, private ownership was scarce. The 1990s saw far-reaching systemic changes going on both in Poland and Czechoslovakia (and following the split of the latter – the Czech Republic). Privatization of enterprises was the fundamental part of the economic reforms program implemented in both countries. The introduction of free market principles, the influx of foreign investment and restructuring actions, undoubtedly influenced the change in the way enterprises functioned in the market. At present, small and mediumsized enterprises are of the key importance to the economic development of Poland and the Czech Republic.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Krzysztof Łobos, Vojtěch Malátek, Mirosława Szewczyk
SME, growth, development, human resources
DOI (& full text):
The main aim of the article is to identify specific management practices of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which determine processes of their growth and development, and then to determine…více
The main aim of the article is to identify specific management practices of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which determine processes of their growth and development, and then to determine the character and force of dependence between the identified practices and the growth and development of SMEs. It occurred that the HR practices and the monitoring of results determine significantly the growth and development of small and medium-sized enterprises in Poland and the Czech Republic. In order to accomplish the goal, the authors constructed a model of dependence and also made an evaluation of the significance and force of its influence. The unit data obtained from 383 companies operating on the territory of Poland and 381 ones based in the Czech Republic were used for this purpose. The data were analyzed statistically using structural equation modeling. The results point to, first of all, a substantial direct and indirect impact of HR practices on the growth and development of companies in the examined size class in both countries. We recognized four crucial factors of HR practices: (1) attracting talented people to the company, (2) rewarding well, (3) causing that employees know precisely their tasks, decision areas and responsibilities, (4) running an SME enterprise in such a way as to promote cooperation between employees and to create a good working climate. In addition to traditional human resource management practices, we observe in SMEs the need for introduction more humanistic management models focused on building commitment and employee satisfaction. The influence of HR practices on the growth and development of an enterprise is additionally strengthened by the monitoring of results. In the case of Polish enterprises, there is a direct impact of the monitoring of results on the development of a company. In the case of Czech enterprises, we have to do only with an indirect influence of monitoring practices on the company’s development. Among studied monitoring of results variables, three should be particularly stressed. It is essential that managers and leaders define targets and measures of meeting the targets. The results obtained by the company should be also presented and discussed and monitored on a continuous basis. Results could allow SME’s practitioners a better understanding of crucial factors they ought to focus their management efforts.
Ekonomika a management