COMPETITIVENESS OF SLOVAK ENTERPRISES IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN REGION
Many changes occurred in the management of the economy in Slovakia caused by the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s. The process of globalization into Slovak economic conditions was limited due to initial alertness. While the governments of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic presented themselves as pro-reform, the Slovak government preferred Slovak privatizers (Kosír, 2016). Nevertheless, the retail chain Billa entered Slovak market in 1990, followed by automobile giant Volkswagen in 1991, American retail chain Kmart in 1992, which took over the department stores Prior. Because of the reforms implemented, Slovakia gains confidence from foreign investors. Significant foreign capital inflows into the emerging business environment of the Slovak economy, such as Heineken, Coca-Cola, McDonald’s and others. A courtesy of Slovak government has also become reprivatisation of VSŽ Košice, which became part of the U.S. Steel, based in Pittsburgh in the USA.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Milota Vetráková, Lukáš Smerek
Multinational company, international human resource management, CEE region, convergence, divergence
DOI (& full text):
The position of Slovakia in the region of Central and Eastern Europe is analysed in this paper. In examining this, we build on the axiom of the dominant position of multinational companies, which are…více
The position of Slovakia in the region of Central and Eastern Europe is analysed in this paper. In examining this, we build on the axiom of the dominant position of multinational companies, which are an important part of international business, international economy and trade. They affect global competitiveness on international markets, including the quality of life of people. The paper explains how globalization contributes to increasing Slovakia’s competitiveness in CEE, how human resources management practices support successful companies located in the TOP 500 CEE ranking and what the management system prevails. We rely on the theoretical knowledge of wellknown experts in human resources management in the international environment, confronting their theoretical knowledge with our own research conducted by structured interviews with human resources managers of selected companies in Slovakia placed in the TOP 500 CEE ranking. The purpose of these efforts is to both theoretically and practically support the importance of human resources management in achieving positive business results on an international scale. By applying mathematical-statistical methods, we have found that there is a statistically significant difference between enterprises in which different approaches are applied in relation to the application of convergence or divergence. We have found strong dependence, confirming the assumption that the convergence or divergence is the result of the company’s approach to HRM activities. To verify the assumption of the difference in performance of HRM processes in MNCs and local enterprises, we used additional tests. The results confirmed the presumption that the performance of HRM processes in MNCs and local enterprises is different in more than half of the processes.