UNEMPLOYMENT EFFECTS OF GREENFIELD AND BROWNFIELD INVESTMENTS IN POST-TRANSITION EUROPEAN UNION MEMBERS
The foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows have exhibited substantial increases with contri bution of relaxation of the impediments over the international flows of goods, services and capital mainly resulting from the accelerating liberalization and globalization as of 1980s. Consequently, international FDI inflows reached USD 3.111 trillion in 2007, but then contracted due to economic crises and the increasing protectionism concerns in the recent years and became USD 1.95 trillion in 2017 (World Bank, 2019a). The rapidly expanding FDI flows made the economic effects of FDI one of the muchdiscussed and studied topics in the international economics. On the one hand, the scholars have focused on the effect of FDI inflows on the economic growth, unemployment, total taxes, technological development, environmental degradation (see, e.g., Lasbrey et al., 2018).
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Yilmaz Bayar, Rita Remeikienė, Jan Žufan, Miloslav Novotný
Greenfield investments, brownfield investments, unemployment, panel cointegration, causality analyses
DOI (& full text):
International direct and portfolio investments have gone up considerably as of mid-1980s. The foreign direct investments with characteristic of long term horizon may affect the economic variables…více
International direct and portfolio investments have gone up considerably as of mid-1980s. The foreign direct investments with characteristic of long term horizon may affect the economic variables through know-how and technology transfer, physical capital expansion, and new job creation. However, foreign direct investments may have potential to negatively affect the domestic competitors with insufficient competitiveness in the industry. So, the economic effects of FDI inflows have been one of the much-debated and studied issues in the international economics. This study investigates the unemployment effects of greenfield and brownfield investments in 11 posttransition EU members over 2003–2017 period through panel cointegration and causality tests. The article fills the gap in the literature, because the relevant empirical literature has generally researched the impact of total FDI flows on the unemployment/employment. The empirical findings revealed that brownfield investments raised the unemployment in overall panel in the long run, but greenfield investments had no significant impacts on the unemployment in overall panel in the long run. However, greenfield investments decreased the unemployment in Croatia, Hungary, and Slovenia, and raised the unemployment in Poland and Slovakia, while brownfield investments raised the unemployment only in Czechia. Consequently, it is not very reasonable to compare our findings with the results of other studies using total FDI inflows as the independent variable. But, it is generally consistent with theoretical and empirical expectations.