IMPACT OF EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH ON LABOUR MIGRATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. A PANEL DATA ANALYSIS
The migration phenomenon is complex and difficult to fully understand and summarize. From the perspective of human migration there are numerous studies that have tried to systematize the reasons of migration (Parkins, 2011; Faist, 2011; O’Reilly, 2013; Wickramasinghe & Wimalaratana, 2016). One of the main components of migration is labour migration. Most studies have dedicated an important part of literature to labour migration and many of the migrationist theories have revolved around this aspect: neo-classical theory, New Economics of Labour Migration (also known as NELM), Dual Labour Market Theory (Wickramasinghe & Wimalaratana, 2016). This paper explores the determinants of migration from the perspective of the sustainable development goals (SDG’s) that are related to education, decent work and economic growth.
Jméno a příjmení autora:
Nicolae Istudor, Vasile Dinu, Emilia Gogu, Elena-Maria Prada, Irina-Elena Petrescu
Labour migration, sustainable development goals, quality education, decent work and economic growth, panel data, dynamic GMM
DOI (& full text):
Since migration is considered to play an important role on the attainment of the sustainable development goals (SDG’s) this study analyses the reversed perspective of the migration-SDG’s nexus. The…více
Since migration is considered to play an important role on the attainment of the sustainable development goals (SDG’s) this study analyses the reversed perspective of the migration-SDG’s nexus. The data set consists of 308 observations on 28 European Union countries (including the United Kingdom) over a time span of 11 years (between 2008 and 2018). The analysis employed various stages of estimation in order to compare different results obtained from the panel data regression models. Besides the classical panel data regression models, the paper includes the estimation of Arellano-Bover/Blundell-Bond model that uses the Generalized Method of Moments (also known as GMM) as an econometric tool to solve the endogeneity of the selected variables. The focus is on two sustainable development goals: labour and economic growth, and education of the European Union member states plus the United Kingdom. The results showed that there is a significant influence of the selected variables on the migration flows at the European Union level. Although there are some contradictory results regarding the direction and statistical signifikance of the link between the variables of interest, most estimators do not have fundamentally different results. The GDP per capita keeps its positive impact on migration by generating an immigration flow towards countries with high GDP per capita. Economic growth proves to be the main trigger of migration, while education also plays an important role in shaping migration. The importance of this study derives from the reversed perspectives analysis, considering migration as being directly influenced by the achievement of the sustainable development goals.