environmentální účetnictví, input-output bilance, odpady z výroby, bilance
A Balance of Producing Wastes as a Limiting Factor in Thinking About Production Increasing of an Industrial Company.
In the article authors describe usage of a structural input-output model (which was formulated by W. Leontief and in some detail characterized in this journal in ), to wastes balance in an industrial company. The amount of produced wastes is now growing an important determined factor, from a point of view of observance by state administration and self-government set down emission's limits and as well from a point of view of its sanitation or deposition cost's. A problem of calculation is shown on the example of a company with an assortment N = 15 products. For default situation (t=0) are each of products characterized: a/ a total production amount (HO), b/ an amount of intermediate product's distributions for another (N-1) outputs (VO), c/ that production appropriate amount of monitored waste W, characterized as a mean value with a standard deviation, d/ a total amount of good's distributions outside of a company (VZ). Withal it stands: (HO) = (VO) + (VZ). Next it's assumed, that an amount of produced wastes W is directly proportional (HO) and on calculated examples for new situations (t = 1, t = 2) is shown, how a variance of W data can affect a confrontation of calculated balance with stated limits.