Shrinking Cities and Governance of Economic Reneration: The Case of Ostrava


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Shrinking Cities and Governance of Economic Reneration: The Case of Ostrava

The object of our case study is the old-industrial city of Ostrava, in the Czech Republic, Central Europe, which was hit after 1989 by deindustrialization and other related phenomena. Urban shrinkage is defined as the pathway of urban development characterised by declining numbers of inhabitants. Declining population numbers are a local consequence of macroprocesses in the economy, in the social and political systems or even of natural disasters.
Jméno a příjmení autora:

Petr Rumpel, Ondřej Slach, Jaroslav Koutský

Rok:
2013
Ročník:
16
Číslo:
2
Strany:
113 - 128
Klíčová slova:
Ostrava, governance, economic regeneration, shrinkage
DOI (& full text):
Anotace:
The aim of the paper is to describe and analyse the process of urban shrinkage and especially the governance structures, actors and policies tackling the causes of urban shrinkage of the city of …více
The aim of the paper is to describe and analyse the process of urban shrinkage and especially the
governance structures, actors and policies tackling the causes of urban shrinkage of the city of
Ostrava. In the theoretical chapters, both urban (city) shrinkage and urban governance are
conceptualized and an operationalization of these concepts is outlined. Urban shrinkage is
understood as population losses and related phenomena such as housing vacancies, underused
social infrastructures or different kind of brownfields etc. The research design for empirical study
draws on mixed methodology – quantitative (analysis of statistical data) and qualitative research
approaches and techniques such as interviews, stakeholder workshops and participatory
observations. Research questions are defined and considered to be the starting point for
elaboration of empirical case studies. First, brief description of causes of urban shrinkage of the
city of Ostrava in the period 1990–2011 is presented. The main part of this paper focuses on the
economic governance structures, actors and policies tackling the main cause of shrinkage, which
are deindustrialization and job related out-migration, suburbanization and changes of demographic
behaviour such as drop in birth rates. Ostrava is a slightly shrinking city (approximatelly 7 %
population loss from 331.000 1990 to 306.000 in 2010), which managed thanks to appropriate
economic governance in period 2004–2008 to slow down the population losses caused by job
related out-migration. However, population losses will continue due to low birth rates and deaths
surpluses or suburbanization.
Key Words: Ostrava, governance, economic regeneration, shrinkage.
JEL Classification:
The aim of the paper is to describe and analyse the process of urban shrinkage and especially the governance structures, actors and policies tackling the causes of urban shrinkage of the city of Ostrava. In the theoretical chapters, both urban (city) shrinkage and urban governance are conceptualized and an operationalization of these concepts is outlined. Urban shrinkage is understood as population losses and related phenomena such as housing vacancies, underused social infrastructures or different kind of brownfields etc. The research design for empirical study draws on mixed methodology – quantitative (analysis of statistical data) and qualitative research approaches and techniques such as interviews, stakeholder workshops and participatory observations. Research questions are defined and considered to be the starting point for elaboration of empirical case studies. First, brief description of causes of urban shrinkage of the city of Ostrava in the period 1990–2011 is presented. The main part of this paper focuses on the economic governance structures, actors and policies tackling the main cause of shrinkage, which are deindustrialization and job related out-migration, suburbanization and changes of demographic behaviour such as drop in birth rates. Ostrava is a slightly shrinking city (approximatelly 7 % population loss from 331.000 1990 to 306.000 in 2010), which managed thanks to appropriate economic governance in period 2004–2008 to slow down the population losses caused by job related out-migration. However, population losses will continue due to low birth rates and deaths
surpluses or suburbanization.

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