Aktuální články z ekonomie


THE VISIT FEES AND ITS INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH EXPENDITURES – THE CASE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

J. Stephen Clark, Ludwig O. Dittrich, Dana Stará, Miroslav Barták

One of the most common problems with health care systems around the world is that the cost of running them tends to increase at higher rate than the rate of inflation (see Glied & Smith, 2013). This has led among others to the introduction of visit fees by governments and/or public as well as private health care facilities and other health care providers.
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AN ESTIMATION OF THE COMPLIANCE COSTS OF SLOVAK TAXATION

Juraj Nemec, Pavol Čižmárik, Vladimír Šagát

The first integrated concept of taxation expenses was presented by Smith (2005), whose Canons of Taxation formed the starting point for the study of the theory and practice of taxation. Equity, certainty, convenience and efficiency represent the principles that inform the development of contemporary taxation theory and influence the development of opinion on the additional expenses of taxation, both in the public and private sectors, which will be the main object of our interest.
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ENGEL’S APPROACH AS A TOOL FOR ESTIMATING CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR

Renata Benda-Prokeinová, Kamil Dobeš, Ladislav Mura, Ján Buleca

Consumer’s preferences and wealth (income, resources) are viewed as exogenous quantities in the neoclassical theory. Methodological individualism, rational behaviour, equilibrium and perfect information of consumer are the further features of this concept.
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ECONOMIC CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN SUBSIDIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON REGIONAL ECONOMIC DISPARITIES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Kristýna Brzáková, Jiří Kraft

European Union allocated 513 billion CZK through the European Structural and Investment funds (ESI) to the Czech Republic during the previous programming period of the European Union (EU) (i.e. 2007-2013) based on data of Ministry of Regional Development CZ (MRD CZ) (MRD CZ, 2015a). The amount of money was allocated to the renewal of decaying residential, tourist and civic brownfields, to educate people, to support businesses, educational institutions, agriculture and generally support the lagging regions that are below the average of gross domestic product (GDP) in the EU25.
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EFFECTS OF FISCAL POLICY SHOCKS IN CE3 COUNTRIES (TVAR APPROACH)

Rajmund Mirdala, Martin Kameník

European Union member countries experienced a decrease in the macroeconomic performance during the early stages of the economic and debt crisis. Significant deterioration in the fiscal stance as one of the primary implications of the economic recession revealed questions associated with fiscal sustainability in terms of threshold levels of fiscal deficit and sovereign debt that individual countries can sustain over longer period of time (Wöhlbier, Astarita, & Mourre, 2014).
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