Ondřej Vojáček, Jiří Louda
The Eastern Ore Mountains landscape has its speciﬁc and unique character. In particular, it is due to several speciﬁc landscape elements and biotopes, which either do not exist in other locations or are not as frequent. These locally speciﬁc ecosystems include notably montane meadows, clearance cairns and natural streams.
Gheorghe Săvoiu, Emil Burtescu, Vasile Dinu, Ligian Tudoroiu
In the economic, econometric and demographic literature, there coexist a few concepts, seemingly similar but signiﬁcantly different, whose purposes are predictive, intended to restructure and optimize, but also from a natural scientiﬁc need to know, understand, predict or prevent processes and systems; such concepts as forecasting, estimation, designing, assessing, planning, prediction and prospecting (Săvoiu, 2007, p. 351) and, last but not least, the simulation.
J. Stephen Clark, Ludwig O. Dittrich, Dana Stará, Miroslav Barták
One of the most common problems with health care systems around the world is that the cost of running them tends to increase at higher rate than the rate of inﬂation (see Glied & Smith, 2013). This has led among others to the introduction of visit fees by governments and/or public as well as private health care facilities and other health care providers.
Juraj Nemec, Pavol Čižmárik, Vladimír Šagát
The ﬁrst integrated concept of taxation expenses was presented by Smith (2005), whose Canons of Taxation formed the starting point for the study of the theory and practice of taxation. Equity, certainty, convenience and efﬁciency represent the principles that inform the development of contemporary taxation theory and inﬂuence the development of opinion on the additional expenses of taxation, both in the public and private sectors, which will be the main object of our interest.
Renata Benda-Prokeinová, Kamil Dobeš, Ladislav Mura, Ján Buleca
Consumer’s preferences and wealth (income, resources) are viewed as exogenous quantities in the neoclassical theory. Methodological individualism, rational behaviour, equilibrium and perfect information of consumer are the further features of this concept.