Aktuální články z ekonomie


DEFAULT RATE IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC DEPENDING ON SELECTED MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS

Radmila Stoklasová

Since the late 1980s, the Czech Republic has undergone the transformation process from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. The modernization of the country’s financial sector is a fundamental condition for economic growth. The beginning of the transformation was associated with a rapid increase in credit activity. There was a decrease in the growth rate in the second half of the 1990s, followed by a decrease in the volume of lending. The volume of lending has increased again and the number of ‘bad’ credits has increased also since 2000.
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INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH STATUS DEPENDING ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

Viera Pacáková, Lucie Kopecká

Quality health care system is a priority for citizens of each country and a precondition for economic prosperity. The public health systems in many counties bear the huge burden of treatment of serious diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Cancer, heart disease, diabetes, respiratory, mental and other chronic diseases represent great suffering to citizens and represent a huge cost to society and the economy. It is estimated that they will cost the global economy around €22.5 trillion between 2012 and 2030 (EU, 2013).
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INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY AND BUSINESS CYCLE: AUSTRIA IN THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY

Pavol Minárik, Marek Vokoun, František Stellner

The period of economic recession and crisis usually intensifies the discussion of policies that aim to increase economic performance. Among these we often find suggestions to increase support of research and development, entrepreneurship and innovations. Economic crises create certain pressures to search for adequate policies in this respect; at the same time, crises seem to be the appropriate periods for implementing new policies. However, the research of the relation between business cycles and innovative activities is still rather marginal.
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IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON THE ECOLOGY IN THE REGIONS OF LITHUANIA

Romualdas Ginevicius, Dainora Gedvilaite, Andrius Stasiukynas

Today, when we talk about development, irrespective of the level of the analysed subject – a state, a sphere of economic activity, a region or a company – first of all we think about sustainable development. The following concept of sustainable development has been formed in the global environmental and in economic development forums, and has become the classic definition: it is development that meets the current needs of a society without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This concept is based on three components – environmental, economic and social development.
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MANDATORY CCCTB IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EUROZONE AND ITS IMPACT ON CORPORATE TAX REVENUES IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Danuše Nerudová, Veronika Solilová

There have been many attempts to coordinate the corporate taxation systems of EU Member States. First, in 1962, the European Commission suggested splitting the corporate tax rates and applying a different tax rate for retained and distributed profits. Furthermore, eight years later, the Temple report suggested the implementation of a classical system of corporate taxation in the EU Member States.
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