Aktuální články z ekonomie


CHANGES IN INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND POTENTIAL: THE CASE OF LITHUANIA

Asta Saboniene

Every economy aspires to enlarge the share of high-tech industries in its industrial structure, considering this share as one of the main determinants of country’s economic development. Hence, the induction of high and medium-high technology industries through R&D support, stimulation of innovation activities and higher quality may help economies to avoid getting trapped in the low-tech specialization during the long term.
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DOES THE TAX RELIEF FOR HOMEOWNERSHIP HAVE EFFECT ON HOUSEHOLD MORTGAGE LEVERAGE?

Barbora Slintáková, Stanislav Klazar

Tax systems of developed countries contain provisions that give a preferred status to housing and homeownership. A significant relief is provided especially by the combination of non-taxation of imputed rental income and mortgage interest payment deductibility. Real user costs of owner-occupied housing are reduced (see Poterba & Sinai, 2008) and thus a bias in favour of the homeownership is created when households are encouraged to buy rather than to rent their dwellings.
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EFFECT OF MASS LAYOFFS ON HEALTH INSURANCE EXPENDITURES: THE CASE OF THE OSTRAVA REGION

Jiří Louda, Ondřej Vojáček, Markéta Pechholdová, Miroslav Barták

The study of connections between unemployment and its impacts on human health and economy has been the object of research since the US economic crisis in the 1920s (Brenner, 1967; Brenner, 1969; Kasl et al., 1968; Kasl & Cobb, 1970; Cobb, 1976). Evidence shows that loss of employment negatively affects not only health of individuals who have lost a job but also that of their partners and family members and reduces the life expectancy (Eliason & Storrie, 2009).
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MEASURMENET OF INFLATION FORECAST TARGETING. A PROPOSAL OF METHODOLOGICAL SOLUTION

Magdalena Szyszko

Modern monetary policy focuses on inflation expectations. It is consistent with modern monetary theory: new neoclassical synthesis (NNS). NNS gives the background of monetary transmission mechanism. New Keynesian Phillips Curve, IS curve (production equation) as well as central bank’s reaction function include economic agents’ expectations.
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THE METHODOLOGY OF DIGITAL SHADOW ECONOMY ESTIMATION

Ligita Gasparėnienė, Yuriy Bilan, Rita Remeikienė, Romualdas Ginevičius, Martin Čepel

Although following the Regulation No. 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (EU Commission, 2013), EU Member States are not obliged to measure the scopes of non-observed economy in the European system of national accounts, the economists and statisticians stress the need to estimate the scopes of this phenomenon to have reliable and comparable data on the structure and trends of both national and regional economies.
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