Aktuální články z ekonomiky a managementu


PREDICTION OF INSTITUTIONAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT AND ANALYSIS OF ENTERPRISES ACTIVE IN AGRICULTURE

Vojtěch Stehel, Jakub Horák, Marek Vochozka

Owing to a special role of agriculture in the national economy, governments have become the main suppliers as well as the main users of agricultural predictions (forecasts). They require internal forecasts to implement policies that provide technical and market support to the agricultural sector (Hedtrich, Loy, & Mueller, 2012). Forecasts of agricultural production and prices ought to be helpful not only for the governments, but primarily for farmers and the entire agriculture industry. Thus, agriculture is an area where politicians, consumers, scientists and environmentalists encounter (Rivera-Ferre, 2008). Remeikiene, Rozsa, Gaspareniene and Pěnčík (2018) state that supportive political attitudes towards the agricultural sector along with employment of protectionist measures determine ignorance of the rules of supply and demand, distortion of the conditions of free market competition, closeness of the agricultural sector in comparison to other economic sectors, incomplete international agricultural price transmission, inkonsistence of long-term market prices for agricultural commodities and existence of agriculture in disfavoured areas.
více

THE CZECH ADAPTATION OF THE KLEIN ET AL.’S UNIDIMENSIONAL TARGET-NEUTRAL SCALE OF COMMITMENT

Jakub Procházka, Anna Židlická, Hynek Cígler, Martin Vaculík, Howard J. Klein

Organizational commitment, along with job satisfaction, is one of the two most often researched work attitudes (Riketta, 2008). It is the center of attention because it affects key variables in organizations such as the wellbeing of employees (e.g. Sui, 2002), absence due to illness (e.g. Meyer & Maltin, 2010), length of stay in an organization (e.g. Porter, Steers, Mowday, & Boulian, 1974), turnover intentions (e.g. Vandenberghe & Trembla, 2008), job satisfaction (Ulbegi & Yalcin, 2016) and job performance (Riketta, 2002). Despite being a key construct in management, we are not aware of any published studies on a validated scale of organizational commitment in Czech. Such a situation is a limitation for researchers intending to examine organizational commitment, or at least monitor its influence when examining other variables. There is also a lack of a reliable scale which could be used when surveying employee attitudes within an organization. In this study, we address this gap and adapt an internationally used organizational commitment scale into Czech. The adapted scale will allow professionals and researchers to measure organizational commitment in Czech organizations reliably and to compare the commitment of Czech employees with foreign samples.
více

IMPORTANCE OF INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE: SOLUTION FOR CHALLENGES IN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND PERFORMANCE IN LARGE ORGANIZATIONS IN SERBIA

Božidar Leković, Maja Strugar Jelača, Slobodan Marić

In the contemporary business setting, the implementation of innovative management practices is recognized as a crucial factor (Damanpour, 2014) for strategic change, organizational renewal and achieving longterm competitive advantage (Walker, Chen, & Aravind, 2015). Still, it is surprising how little research is conducted on largescale surveys according to possible approaches to measure innovative management practice which will lead to organizational innovations (Armbruster, Bikfalvi, Kinkel, & Lay, 2008). The proportion of this research topic amounts to only 8% among the innovation research process, while only 3% of research studies analyze this subject (Mihalache, 2012, p. 2). In the paper, the basic research objective is reflected in the analysis of the degree of innovative management practice impact on organization’s performance, and the analysis of the relationship between implementation of innovative management practice and dynamic business environment.
více

THE ROLE OF EDUCATION, INDIVIDUAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL INITIATIVES: A MICROECONOMIC APPROACH FOR THE CZECH REPUBLIC, SLOVAKIA AND POLAND

Yuriy Bilan, Mihaela Simionescu, Grzegorz Mentel, Zoltan Rozsa

The purpose of this research is to assess the impact of university education and business environment on entrepreneurial initiatives and to make comparisons of the results between students coming from Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. These countries were selected for the analysis since these are three of the V4 countries with common targets regarding the development of business environment and with an important location advantage. The International Visegrad Fund promotes mutual cooperation within the region in various fields, including the development of economic relations (in tourism, education, scientific research, cross-border cooperation). This Fund also implements own projects in these fields. The importance of the research is justified by the identification of the factors that mostly affect entrepreneurial initiatives; these factors could be developed more in order to increase the number of successful businesses in each of these country. Moreover, some obstacles to entrepreneurial initiatives are identified and suitable recommendations are provided to minimize these obstacles.
více

HOW CORPORATE GOVERNANCE AND CSR DISCLOSURE AFFECT FIRM PERFORMANCE?

Muhammad Suhaib Manzoor, Ramiz ur Rehman, Muhammad Islam Usman, Muhammad Ishfaq Ahmad

CSR (corporate social responsibility) disclosure evolved as a result of corporate reporting in response to changes in conditions in which companies operate. Gray, Owen and Adams (1996) describe CSR disclosure/reporting as „the process of communicating the social and environmental effects of the economic actions of organizations to particular interest groups within society and society at large“. Elkington (1997) states that the terms CSR reporting, Social Reporting, Corporate Citizenship, Sustainability Reporting and Triple Bottom Line Reporting have been employed in the studies interchangeably. To meet 21st century corporate challenges, the corporate reporting system has changed somehow with an inclusion of non-financial disclosure. Krasodomska and Cho (2017) explain the extent of non-financial reporting presented by the corporation regarding activities such as human resources, risk management, product innovation and quality, and impact of corporate decisions on environment and society.
více
|< < 1 2 3 5 6 7 >|

?
NAPOVEDA
povinné
Jazyk