Parcel delivery service, or courier service, is deﬁned as delivering small and light parcels, quickly and accurately relying on sophisticated networks and the reliable tracking of the shipments (Ducret, 2014). Due to the rapid expansion of e-commerce, parcel delivery service industry became one of the fastest growing industries in the world and characterized as follows. First, it is an asset intensive industry since it requires huge investment on facilities such as delivering vehicles and hub facilities. Because of huge investment and long payback period, small and medium sized companies are seldom found in the market. Second, the core competencies of company are the speed and the accuracy of delivery.
Aneel Kumar, Khalil Ahmed Channa, Niaz Ahmed Bhutto
Usually an individual performs two most prominent roles in daily life. One is the work role, other is the family role. It is not uncommon to ﬁnd it difﬁcult for an employee to balance both roles simultaneously and as a result they may face work family conﬂict. Following this conﬂict perspective, mostly studies have looked into the darker side of work family balance i.e., work family conﬂict (Greenhaus & Powell, 2006; McNall, Nicklin, & Masuda, 2010) but some researchers argued the positive side of work family interface (Aldous, 1969; Marks, 1977; Sieber, 1974). The conﬂict perspective of work and family role has been paid with extra attention in work place.
Pavla Staňková, Šárka Papadaki, Ján Dvorský
Economic theory suggests that consolidation of hospital ownership through the formation of multiple hospital ‘‘systems’’ should lead to improved hospital performance. The general view of system superiority follows from considerations of economies of scale, improved ﬁnancial and other administrative management, and better access to ﬁnancial capital. Still, there is little evidence demonstrating greater efﬁciency in system-afﬁliated hospitals. The majority of studies have found hospitals belonging to multiple hospital systems to be more cost than independent hospitals, raising questions regarding the social value of much of the recent growth of new inter- organizational relationships. (Carey, 2003)
Blanka Klímová, Petra Marešová
Decision-making process about the development of new products is fundamental for the growth and prosperity of any company, particularly in the fast changing medical device market (Ivlev et al., 2015). Companies must innovate to be successful but this invariably carries some risk and uncertainty. In recent years, the issue of evaluation of investment effectiveness into medical devices has been intensively solved, both at national and international level (Heintz et al., 2016) due to the growing market with medical devices (Craig et al., 2014).
Dirk Beyer, Jana Hinke
Conducting business involves a constant ﬂow of money and capital, whose renewal and expansion on the one hand and distribution and investment on the other need to be managed. Business entities are required to be able to sustainably appreciate capital invested, therefore, it is necessary to conduct analyses of the rate of return on capital invested as part of business management.