Despite voluminous literature on the entrepreneurial behavior, studies examining Czech speciﬁcs are very rare – speciﬁed below. Most of studies come from US and relatively few from Europe, namely Netherlands and Austria.
Ilona Skačkauskienė, Denisa Hrušecká, Aušra Katinienė, Martin Čepel
The 21st century is characterised by social transformations, as economic development relies on knowledge rather than labour force, natural resources or capital as before (Jankauskienė et al., 2012). Drucker (1980) and Strassmann (1989) were among the ﬁrst ones to talk about the importance of information and knowledge expressed in words – it is one of the most important and special resources which, when in use, can bring signiﬁcant beneﬁts.
Mojca Marc, Danijela Miloš Sprčić, Marina Mešin Žagar
Severe consequences of the global ﬁnancial crisis resulted in re-thinking the risk management processes and approaches. OECD (2009), BIS (2008), FSA (2008) and IIF (2007) suggested that corporate risks should be “high on the agenda” of every organization, highlighting the need for a comprehensive (enterprise-wide) risk management framework. What has been realized in the aftermath of the global ﬁnancial crisis is that a failure to transmit information about risk exposures can be attributed to the traditional silo-based risk management (TRM) (OECD, 2009).
A concern over the raising resources consumed by health care costs has become widespread in many countries in recent years (Popesko, Papadaki, & Novak, 2015). Health spending in Poland was 6.4% of GDP in 2013, well below the OECD average of 8.9%. In 2013, per capita health spending in Poland has increased by a strong 3.8% in real terms, far above the average growth (1.0%) across OECD countries (OECD Health Statistics 2015).
Ľubica Lesáková, Katarína Dubcová, Petra Gundová
One of the management tools that is gaining popularity in business practice is the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The BSC was developed by Robert Kaplan and David Norton in 1992 as an alternative to traditional performance measurement approaches that focus solely on ﬁnancial indicators and are based purely on a business´s past performance. During the years the Balanced Scorecard has evolved from its early use as a simple performance measurement framework to a full strategic planning and management system.