Ivan Jáč, Marie Vondráčková
Investment attractiveness reﬂects how interesting the relevant territory, area or region is to businesses. The set of factors inﬂuencing the level of investment attractiveness includes both ﬁxed factors (geographic location, deposits of iron ore or large waterways), and factors manageable from the state policy viewpoint (education of the population, investment incentive policies, labour costs and the taxation rate). There are many indicators showing the strengths and weaknesses of a country and its economy, and whether the business environment is suitable for investors or if the business environment is risky and problematic.
Pavla Klepková Vodová, Daniel Stavárek
The recent ﬁnancial crisis has shown that liquidity risk plays an important role in the contemporary ﬁnancial system. This is especially true for economies that are traditionally based on banks and credit markets. A liquidity shock may propagate through a real channel or an information channel and then affect the entire ﬁnancial system (Frait & Komárková, 2011). As a systemic banking crisis can have costly consequences such as declines in gross domestic product growth, real house prices and real equity prices and increases in unemployment rate, real public debt, among other effects (Reinhart and Rogoff, 2009), it is not surprising that most regulators, policymakers and academics devote signiﬁcant attention to various aspects of liquidity risk measurement and management.
Ahmad Esmaeili, Akbar Sepahvand, Reza Rostamzadeh, Izolda Joksiene, Jurgita Antucheviciene
Most recently, a number of customers have shown concern over the considerable damage caused to the environment. Natural resources are gradually being replete, and climate change threats are the most important of these concerns (Euro barometer, 2011; European Commission, 2010; Lapinskienė et al., 2015; Barrier, 2016). Formerly, organizations avoided investing in support of the environment, which became a setback for their own future progress (Chen, 2010). Presently, as a result of increased attention to the environment, they tend to take greater responsibility for the environment than before (Chang & Chieng, 2006). Even the studies highlight the role of future generations as being vital toward eco-awareness (Simionescu, 2013; Csigéné Nagypál et al., 2015).
Viera Marková, Petra Lesníková, Alena Kaščáková, Miroslava Vinczeová
The signiﬁcance of the business sustainability concept has been increasing not only abroad where it has been pursued by professionals as well as the general public for a longer time, but also here in Slovakia. It has evolved from the understood universal concept of sustainable development centred on bringing solutions to global problems and issues. It is mainly concerned with the use of limited natural resources, environmental exploitation, a ﬁght against poverty, society polarization, etc. In a more comprehensive understanding, it involves the change and replacement of current production and consumption models with future, more sustainable ones. Looking at the complex and sectional issues of sustainable development, a positive relationship with the business sector can be observed.
Pavlína Hejduková, Lucie Kureková
Healthcare systems have been providing clients with services of an increasingly higher quality thanks to many positive developments in healthcare, primarily the high level of expertise of healthcare personnel, improvements in technology, and speedier approaches to treating illnesses. However, the healthcare system has struggled with other various negative aspects: inappropriate structuring, poor management, or ineffective ﬁnancing. In light of these negative aspects and the support and development of the positive, these systems should be managed properly and their performance should be evaluated (Hejduková & Kureková, 2016b).