Hana Mohelská, Marcela Sokolová
Transparency in the public sector is still a topical issue in contemporary society. The concept of transparency has been one of the most discussed topics within good governance over the last 20 years, and therefore it at-tracts interest for academic study. The consequences of transparency and also the circumstances that trigger transparency, are studied intensively. The attention given to the concept of transparency appears to have in-creased, mainly due to the spread of the Internet; hence, this paper particularly focuses on transparency enabled by the Internet (Sičáková-Beblavá, Kollárik, & Sloboda, 2016).
Ligita Gasparėnienė, Yuriy Bilan, Rita Remeikienė, Romualdas Ginevičius, Martin Čepel
Although following the Regulation No. 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union (EU Commission, 2013), EU Member States are not obliged to measure the scopes of non-observed economy in the European system of national accounts, the economists and statisticians stress the need to estimate the scopes of this phenomenon to have reliable and comparable data on the structure and trends of both national and regional economies.
Estrella Díaz, Mar Gómez, David Martín-Consuegra, Arturo Molina
Innovation and the adoption of new business practices related to customer satisfaction are essential to improve social performance and sustainability, speciﬁcally in the tourism sector. While some tourism companies have developed new work strategies, it is difﬁcult to consider issues such as quality certiﬁcation, environmental policies, human resource training, or customer service norms, among other aspects. For example, in the case of hotels and restaurants, improved sustainability policies have been promoted through regulations and special actions (such as the ITQ 2000 ® RS norm), which generate more effective approaches to planning, innovation and customers and stakeholder relations (Buckley, 2012).
Ning Zhu, Jelena Stjepcevic, Tomas Baležentis, Zhiqian Yu, Bing Wang
The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) drew much attention globally as economic growth was followed by such social problems as an increasing gap between the rich and the poor, cultural conﬂicts, and environmental degradation. Having acknowledged the importance of the latter challenges, the United Nations ofﬁcially launched the “Global Compact” project in 2000, thereby calling the enterprises for commitments towards social responsibility in the areas of human rights, labor standards, and environmental protection, among other issues. As an important actor in the global economic development, the banking sector also became aware of huge social costs associated with unsustainable economic growth, and recognized its responsibilities in such areas as an active reduction of social inequality and environmental degradation. Thus it is important to analyze the impact of commitments towards CSR upon banking performance.
Ivica Linderová, Petr Janeček
Tourism is a sector of remarkable economic importance. It is currently one of the most dynamically developing sectors of the economy. It provides huge opportunities for socio-economic development (Maráková, Dyr, & Wolak-Tuzimek, 2016). According to the World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), the European tourism economy contributes about 5% (depending on its deﬁnition up to 11%) to the GDP of the European Union and provides between 8 and 24 million jobs (depending on the deﬁnition of the sector). Tourism development has numerous economic and socio-cultural impacts on the regional economy, entrepreneurship and local businesses.