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COOPERATION AND COMPETITION IN MANUFACTURER-KEY RETAILER RELATIONSHIPS: A BUSINESS MODEL PERSPECTIVE

Marzanna Katarzyna Witek-Hajduk, Piotr Zaborek

Relationships in the supply chain have been a longstanding theme of research (e.g. Ailawadi et al., 2010; Corsten & Kumar, 2005; Vlachos et al., 2008). Manufacturer-retailer relationships have changed in recent decades due to the growing power of retailers (Amato & Amato, 2009) reinforced by concentration processes in retailing (Burt & Sparks, 2003), the emergence of mega-retailers and their internationalization, and the rise of the Internet. The shift in bargaining power toward retailers is manifested by the growing market shares of private brands (Chimhundu, 2011). On the heels of these trends, changes have come in business models of both retailers and producers (e.g. Ritala et al., 2014; Witek-Hajduk, 2017). The role of retailers has evolved “from mere service providers to market makers” (Hamilton & Petrovic, 2011). The growing power of retailers has prompted many manufacturers of consumer goods to establish their own or controlled retail channels and/or to produce goods under retailers’ private labels often competing with their own brands. Consequently, various forms of cooperation and competition have developed giving rise to the phenomenon of coopetition (Kim et al., 2013).
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THE IMPACT OF SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES ON EXPORT BEHAVIOUR. EVIDENCE FROM POLISH FIRM-LEVEL DATA

Jarosław Michał Nazarczuk, Stanisław Umiński

The establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZ), and other types of privileged areas, is a common policy approach adopted by countries in order to attract domestic and foreign capital, increase exports or employment, increase trade openness or facilitate minor economic transitions within the country. By setting a preferential business climate, with lower taxes and tariffs made available in a restricted territory, governments promote investment inflow and encourage flourishing businesses to grow and cluster within zones, thus generating positive spill-over effects to the neighbouring areas.
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A BEHAVIORAL THEORY OF THE FIRM: SPECIFICS OF CZECH ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOR

Ivana Mandysová

Despite voluminous literature on the entrepreneurial behavior, studies examining Czech specifics are very rare – specified below. Most of studies come from US and relatively few from Europe, namely Netherlands and Austria.
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AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF A COMPARISON BETWEEN THE UK AND CZECH REPUBLIC OF THE FINANCIAL MODELS USED IN THE APPRAISAL OF ICT AND NON-ICT CAPITAL PROJECTS

Josef Hynek, Václav Janeček, Frank Lefley

The importance of the financial appraisal of information technology projects is well stated in the IT, information management, and financial literature. Too often, optimistic forecasted savings/benefits and underestimation of costs, together with the under-valuation of the capital cost of ICT projects have resulted in disastrous failures. ICT projects, like all other capital projects, must achieve a positive financial return.
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Senior Managers and SMEs’ Propensity to Quality Improvement

Luís António Fonseca Mendes

More and more, researches carried out, over a number of countries, have been stressing the importance of quality improvement in firms’ overall performance, whatever their size, the economic sector they operate in, or their localization, highlighting that this is a factor crucial for the success of every company and determines how they progress towards excellence or not.
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