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ANALYSIS OF STATE INVESTMENTS INTO HUMAN CAPITAL IN SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Daniela Palaščáková, Gabriela Koľveková, Dávid Melas

As for creating values in society intellectual capital is as inevitable as money and physical capital. According to Edvinsson and Malone (1997), intellectual capital can be defined as intangible assets, which are not explicitly stated in the company´s balance but even though they have a positive effect on the company´s efficiency. The division of elements of the intellectual capital varies across different literature particularly regarding its titles. The same categories are called differently by Edvinsson and Malone (1997), by Petty, Cuganesan, Finch and Ford (2009), by Fragouli (2015) and by others like Ozkan, Cakan and Kayacan (2017). For our purposes, we will use the division that was also used by Ozkan, Cakan, and Kayacan (2017) and according to which intellectual capital consists of these three elements: structural, relational and human capital.
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BENEFITS OF KPIS FOR INDUSTRY SECTOR EVALUATION: THE CASE STUDY FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Martina Hedvičáková, Martin Král

Industrialization, a major force in structural change, shifts resources from labour-intensive activities to more capital technology-intensive activities. It will remain crucial to the future growth of developing countries. Manufacturing’s share of GDP has remained stable over the last 40 years. Technology and capital equipment are the main drivers of both manufacturing growth and aggregate growth in developed and developing countries, although in developing countries energy and natural resources use affects growth in the medium- and low-tech industries (Unido, 2018). Currently, the industrial value creation is shaped by the development towards the fourth stage of industrialization, so-called Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0, referred to as the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”, also known as “smart manufacturing”, “industrial internet” or “integrated industry”, is currently a muchdiscussed topic.
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EFFECT OF MASS LAYOFFS ON HEALTH INSURANCE EXPENDITURES: THE CASE OF THE OSTRAVA REGION

Jiří Louda, Ondřej Vojáček, Markéta Pechholdová, Miroslav Barták

The study of connections between unemployment and its impacts on human health and economy has been the object of research since the US economic crisis in the 1920s (Brenner, 1967; Brenner, 1969; Kasl et al., 1968; Kasl & Cobb, 1970; Cobb, 1976). Evidence shows that loss of employment negatively affects not only health of individuals who have lost a job but also that of their partners and family members and reduces the life expectancy (Eliason & Storrie, 2009).
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DECOMPOSITION OF UNEMPLOYMENT: THE CASE OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES

Michal Tvrdoň

In labour economics, unemployment is seen as a phenomenon when there is a market surplus of supplied amount of labour in the market. In other words, unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find a job. Unemployment is often used as a measure of economy´s performance.
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Ekonomická výkonnost a trh práce v kontextu ekonomické krize: zkušenosti ze zemí Visegradské čtyřky

Michal Tvrdoň, Pavel Tuleja, Tomáš Verner

Nedávno proběhnuvší ekonomická krize narušila slibný konvergenční proces ekonomik Visegrádské čtyřky V-4), které se snaží dohnat ekonomickou úroveň původních zemí Evropské unie, měřenou pomocí hrubého omácího produktu na obyvatele (HDP/ob.). I nadále tak zůstává HDP/ob. těchto zemí pod úrovní průměru Evropské unie (EU-27). Cílem tohoto příspěvku je vyhodnotit vliv krize na ekonomickou výkonnost zemí V-4 a dopad změny této výkonnosti na fungování trhu práce v námi analyzovaných zemích.
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