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ALTERNATIVE MEASURES OF MACROECONOMIC IMBALANCES IN THE EU – DESIGN AND VERIFICATION

Stanislav Kološta, Pavol Kráľ, Filip Flaška

Years 2008 and 2009 were particularly affected by the outbreak of the global economic recession which in addition to economic instability was also affected by political instability. Economies of most countries in the world felt the impact of the financial crisis, not excluding the EU countries. Since the start of the crisis, there has been a substantial reduction in the EU’s growth potential. In the EU, this was reflected at the macro-level by 4.74% GDP reduction in 2009 (Campos-Soria, Inchausti-Sintes & Eugenio-Martin, 2014). The high levels of external liabilities and private and public debt in many countries in the EU still constitute substantial vulnerabilities for growth, jobs and financial stability. The development of various indicators at micro and macro levels in times of last crisis in various countries was investigated by several authors (Campos-Soria, Inchausti-Sintes, & Eugenio-Martin, 2015; Gugler, Weichselbaumer, & Zulehner, 2015; Zhao, Jiang, & Li, 2014; Tatulescu & Patruti, 2014; Mazurek & Mielcová, 2017; Klepáč & Hampel, 2018).
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20 LET VÝVOJE ČESKÉ EKONOMIKY – SROVNÁNÍ SE SLOVENSKEM

Ladislav Hájek, Lukáš Režný

Do roku 1993 se rozvíjela česká ekonomika ve společném státě se Slovenskem. Od roku 1993 se vznikem české republiky (ČR) a Slovenské republiky (SR) se nacházejí obě ekonomiky ve stejných mezinárodních podmínkách, ale podstatné rozdíly jsou v tempu ekonomického rozvoje.
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