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COUNTRY-SPECIFIC DETERMINANTS OF INTRA-INDUSTRY TRADE IN PHARMACEUTICALS: THE CASE OF POLAND AND ITS EUROPEAN UNION PARTNERS

Justyna Łapińska, Jana Meluzínová, Jiří Uhman

Pharmaceuticals are chemical and biological substances produced by the pharmaceutical industry, used in therapies and prevention of various diseases. They cover an extremely wide range of products, ranging from simple medicinal preparations, to extremely advanced technological specifics. Similar to food, pharmaceutical products are believed to be one of the most important needs of human beings. They have a significant impact on their health, often support and extend their lives. Due to their specific properties and healthcare function of pharmaceuticals, they are contained in the category of basic products and their significance is appreciated not only by buyers (patients) but also by authorities in most countries. That is why in many countries special attention is paid to the development of production and trade in pharmaceutical products.
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