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THE USE OF INTERNATIONAL TAX PLANNING IN SUBSIDIARIES FROM THE FINANCIAL AND ICT SECTORS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Vít Jedlička

the profitability of their company’s investments. They also encounter various types of costs – from the managerial perspective, these include paid taxes. Therefore, the management at multinational corporations takes advantage of the global digital economy and tries to plan tax liabilities in order to minimize them. Ignoring the opportunity to avoid taxes can result in a less competitive position. Tax planning has become an important tool for achieving better financial results. Within the global economy, the international aspect of tax planning is a key factor for multinational corporation management. The importance of tax burdens can also be seen in decision making on where to invest. Lower tax burdens can increase an investment’s profitability; therefore, managers incorporate rating tax legislation into their decision-making process for investment.
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ESTIMATION OF INTERNATIONAL TAX PLANNING IMPACT ON CORPORATE TAX GAP IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Lukáš Moravec, Jan Rohan, Jana Hinke

The issue of base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) caused by multinational companies is a potential important impediment to tax collections. Because tax planning schemes utilized gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax jurisdiction where there is insufficient of no economic activity (Hines, 2014; OECD, 2017). The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has estimated the general annual revenue loss of USD 100 to 240 billion due to the BEPS OECD (2017). Dharmapala and Riedel (2013) focused on tax motivated income shifting between parent companies and their affiliates. The parent companies have almost 60% affiliates established in low-tax jurisdictions. It resulted in profit shifting from the high-tax parent companies’ jurisdictions to the low-tax affiliates’ jurisdictions where the profit is taxed with the lower tax rate.
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The Implementation of the Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Area of Income Tax in the Slovak Republic

Eva Sopková, Katarína Raškovská

The term socially responsible business has been frequently appearing in public and business life in the latest time. It represents an innovative approach to business and focuses on the impact of business activities on society and the environment. In our paper we apply the concept of corporate social responsibility to the area of income taxes in the Slovak Republic.
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