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FOOD PRICES, TAXES, AND OBESITY IN CANADA AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR FOOD TAXATION

Stephen J. Clark, Ludwig O. Dittrich, Stephen M. Law, Dana Stará, Miroslav Barták

An important health financing issue facing Canada and other OECD countries (OECD, 2017) are the health consequences of obesity. Statistics Canada (2014) reports that 51.6% of adult Canadians were overweight or obese in 2009 compared to 53.6% in 2013. The proportion of Canadians who are overweight differs by sex, with 59.2% of Canadian males overweight in 2009 compared to 62% in 2013 and 43.9% of females overweight in 2009 compared to 45.1% in 2013. These increases have led to calls for policies to control obesity (see Clark et al., 2014). These rates of obesity are based on the body mass index (BMI) which is the ratio of weight (in kilograms) to the square of height (in meters). Cranfield (2007) uses the Canadian Community Heath Survey (CCHS) to examine the determinants of the body mass index (BMI) of Canadians.
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USE OF THE DEA METHOD TO VERIFY THE PERFORMANCE MODEL FOR HOSPITALS

Kristina Kocisova, Maria Hass-Symotiuk, Magdalena Kludacz-Alessandri

Global financial crisis influenced almost all sectors in national economies of individual countries, affecting the social sectors such as healthcare one significantly. In many countries, the health systems are mostly financed by public budget. Therefore the effective use of public money comes into attention, especially in crisis years (Androniceanu & Ohanyan, 2016). Therefore performance measurement in the public healthcare systém has become a more and more popular research challenge throughout Europe and the world. It is significantly associated with the global process of demographic ageing and increasing demands on health and social system in each country (Marešová et al., 2015a).
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THE VISIT FEES AND ITS INFLUENCE ON OVERALL HEALTH EXPENDITURES – THE CASE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

J. Stephen Clark, Ludwig O. Dittrich, Dana Stará, Miroslav Barták

One of the most common problems with health care systems around the world is that the cost of running them tends to increase at higher rate than the rate of inflation (see Glied & Smith, 2013). This has led among others to the introduction of visit fees by governments and/or public as well as private health care facilities and other health care providers.
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SYSTEM OF DAY SURGERY IN SLOVAKIA: ANALYSIS OF PEDIATRIC DAY SURGERY DISCREPANCIES IN THE REGIONS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE IN STRATEGY OF ITS DEVELOPMENT

Beata Gavurova, Marek Soltes

In the beginning of the 20th century, the view on the organization of postoperative care was based on several obsolete assumptions concerning the surgical wound healing, the need for postoperative diet restrictions, as well as the limited mobilization of the patients. Nowadays, surgical care is rapidly shifting from in-hospital patient care towards outpatient concept.
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LOAD BALANCING LOCATION OF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE STATIONS

Ľudmila Jánošíková, Lýdia Gábrišová, Bruno Ježek

The quality and efficiency of an emergency medical system (EMS) depends mainly on the number of ambulances operating in a given region and the deployment of stations where the ambulances are kept. Specifying the proper number of ambulances is a sensitive issue balancing between two opposing aspects.
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THE FUNCTIONALITY COMPARISON OF THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS BY THE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS METHOD

Vincent Šoltés, Beáta Gavurová

Hospitals are the weakest segment of the Slovak health care system. Their basic problems are evident in outdated material-technical base, demotivation of physicians, lack of care for the chronically and severely ill patients, regulated and non-competing system of health insurance companies, dysfunctional system of trainings for physician and health professionals. Health care providers (HCP) assess the current health care system as completely unstable.
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Mental Health Financing in Six Eastern European Countries

Martin Dlouhý, Miroslav Barták

According to the World Health Organisation, mental illnesses affect more than 25 % of all people at some time during their lives. Mental illnesses are universal, affecting people of all countries and societies, individuals of all ages, women and men, the rich and the poor, from urban and rural environments. Mental illnesses have an economic impact on societies and on the quality of life of individuals and families.
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Health Care Reforms in the Slovak and Czech Republics 1989–2011: the Same or Different Tracks?

Colin Lawson, Juraj Nemec, Vladimír Šagát

After the Velvet Revolution of November 1989 until the amicable separation of Slovakia from the Czech Republic on 1st January 1993 health policy had been a republic level rather than a federal responsibility. Thus from the start of transition there was the possibility of divergence in this area of social policy, and after the 1993 separation health policy divergence seemed to become more marked and entrenched. The political division thus created an apparent natural experiment in social policy, as the successor states had had identical policies under communism, but responded differently to the challenges of transition.
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The Ownership Form of Hospitals from the Viewpoints of Economic Theory...

Juraj Nemec, Beáta Meričková, Jana Štrangfeldová

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