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HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF THE UNEMPLOYED

Daniel Puciato, Michał Rozpara, Marek Bugdol, Piotr Oleśniewicz, Helena Jáčová

Unemployment has a number of negative, economic, social and psychological effects on unemployed people and their families. Lowered household income leads to a constrained fulfilment of individual and collective needs, which has a significant impact on the quality of life and perceived health condition of the unemployed. The aim of this study is the identification of relationships between the quality of life and socio-economic status of unemployed persons. The study was carried out among 403 registered unemployed persons (246 women, 157 men) from Wrocław, Poland. The main method used in the study was the diagnostic questionnaire survey. Respondents’ quality of life was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire, and their socio-economic status with author’s own S-ESQ questionnaire. Arithmetic means and standard deviation were calculated. Correlations between respondents’ quality of life and socio-economic status were checked with the Kruskal-Wallis oneway analysis of variance and Dunn’s post-hoc tests. The ex-ante level of statistical signifikance was set at α < 0.05. The mean health-related quality of life score of the unemployed respondents under study was higher than the mean perceived health condition score. As for the four quality of life domains, the respondents reported the highest scores in the social domain and psychological domain, followed by the physical and environmental domains. The analysis of mean scores of overall quality of life of the unemployed revealed statistically significant differences between groups of jobless Wrocław residents with regard to such factors as age, number of household members, and per capita income. Respondents’ age, education, marital status, persons per household, per capital income, and having savings were also significant differentiating factors of perceived health condition. The results of the study can be significant for public health policies in Poland and other countries at a similar level of economic development.
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INTERNET USE BY THE OLDER ADULTS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Blanka Klímová, Petra Poulová, Ivana Šimonová, Pavel Pražák, Anna Cierniak-Emerych

The problem of the developed countries is the aging of the population. Developing countries, for the time being, do not experience it so urgently yet due to the lower average age of the population, but their standard of living is also beginning to improve. In 2000, the percentage of older individuals aged 65+ years reached 12.4%. In 2030, this number should rise to 19% and in 2050 to 22% (Transgenerational, 2009). In Europe this population group aged 65+ represent 18% of the 503 million Europeans, which should almost double by 2060 (Patterson, 2006). This trend of aging population causes additional problems such as increased costs on the treatment and care of those elderly people (Maresova et al., 2015a; 2015b). Therefore, there is ongoing effort to extend the active life of this group of people in order to allow them to stay economically and socially independent. And current technological devices and services can assist them in this process.
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CLASSIFICATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY EFFECTS: THE CASE OF CANADIAN CITIES

Dimitrios Giannias, Eleni Sfakianaki

Environmental amenities have been associated with economic development since earliest time; for example, Egypt and Mesopotamia developed in the river valleys of the Nile, Tigris and Euphrates in the ancient times, mainly because the environment in these valleys was favorable for agriculture. Although man-made facilities are often needed to complement a natural environment, resorts such as Greek Islands and Florida beaches are, in effect, selling a type of environment peculiar to the locality in which they are situated.
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Kvalita života: typológia Európskych miest pomocou klastrovej analýzy

Veronika Černáková, Oto Hudec

Kvalita života je spoločensky často používaným a akceptovaným pojmom na charakterizáciu podmienok pre život, pričom sa zohľadňujú aj faktory, ktoré nie sú ekonomické a zdôrazňuje sa úloha vonkajšieho prostredia pre život jednotlivca a jeho spokojnosť. Ekonomický prístup analyzuje výsledky psycho-fyziologického mechanizmu a skúma faktory vonkajšieho prostredia vplývajúce na individuálne správanie sa. Podobný prístup sa aplikuje nielen na skúmanie kvality života, ale aj novšieho príbuzného pojmu štastie ako formy subjektívneho blahobytu. Obidva pojmy sa spoločne zaoberajú dôležitou súvisiacou výskumnouotázkou, nakoľko príjmy obyvateľov vplývajú na kvalitu života alebo subjektívny blahobyt človeka.
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INQUIRY INTO HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ UTILITY FUNCTION

Julius Janáček, Dan Šťastný

The economic science has for centuriesanchored its endeavor to understand decisionmakingpatterns of people in explicit or implicitassumptions of utility maximization. And yet,for most of that time the utility remained anempty box, devoid of any content. The termutility was a scholarly short-hand for whateverpeople want to achieve and remained vague fora reason: in recognition of the subjective natureof what human preference it was designedto accommodate just about anything, and itwas after all considered none of economists’business to speculate about its precise content.
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