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MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN AREA OF HUMAN RESOURCES AND MONITORING RESULTS AS DETERMINANTS OF SME’S SUCCESS IN POLAND AND THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Krzysztof Łobos, Vojtěch Malátek, Mirosława Szewczyk

Towards the end of the 1980s, all the countries of the former socialist bloc had to wrestle with structural and systemic problems. At the moment of entering the period of transformations, Poland and Czechoslovakia were characterized by different conditions, among others, GDP per capita, the range of macroeconomic imbalance, inflation rate, indebtedness, or the share of the private sector. In Poland, private ownership dominated in agriculture, while in trade and service its share was significant. On the other hand, as regards Czechoslovakia, private ownership was scarce. The 1990s saw far-reaching systemic changes going on both in Poland and Czechoslovakia (and following the split of the latter – the Czech Republic). Privatization of enterprises was the fundamental part of the economic reforms program implemented in both countries. The introduction of free market principles, the influx of foreign investment and restructuring actions, undoubtedly influenced the change in the way enterprises functioned in the market. At present, small and mediumsized enterprises are of the key importance to the economic development of Poland and the Czech Republic.
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SUPPLIER INVOLVEMENT IN NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY FROM THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY

Özalp Vayvay, Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha

For the last years, global competition has strengthened the significance of a company’s ability to introduce new products, while responding to increasingly dynamic markets with customers rapidly changing needs, and thus claiming for shortening the time required to design, develop and manufacture, as well as for cost reduction, increased reliability, quality improvement and sustainability. In this context, firms are implementing a wide variety of different techniques, management processes and development strategies in their quest for shorter development cycles and permanent business alignment with the market requirements (Cunha & Putnik, 2006).
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MULTICRITERIA DECISION-MAKING WEIGHTS AND A COMPETITIVE PRODUCT DESIGN

Filip Tošenovský

Competitive environments exist or can be created for a majority of human activities. This is true because human activity can usually be performed by more than one subject, and to incite subjects to being competitive, it suffices to compare results of their activity on the basis of selected criteria or features which characterize these results.
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