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THE LEVEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AS A CONSTANT CHALLENGE FOR COMPANY MANAGEMENT – AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND POLAND

Marcela Sokolova, Vaclav Zubr, Anna Cierniak-Emerych, Szymon T. Dziuba

Due to the pressure of global competition, shortened product-life cycles and the increasing opportunity to imitate product designs or their elements, companies continuously focus on innovations as one of their main agenda in order to maintain their global or national competitiveness. Besides, these innovations are considered as an ultimate source of productivity improvement, the growth in sales volume, and the capability of a company in question to stay competitive on the global market (Liao, Hu, Chen, & Lin, 2015). Companies perceive the need to continuously adapt, develop, and innovate as an economic necessity that results from global market pressures. The enhancement of product design and quality, accessorial technological services, their accessibility and reliability are no longer only seen as a benefit but rather an ultimate condition for the sustainability of company competitiveness.
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POLICIES TO PROMOTE CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) AND ASSESSMENT OF CSR IMPACTS

Jintao Lu, Licheng Ren, Wenfang Lin, Yifan He, Justas Streimikis

When implementing sustainable development principles, business should play the core role, and the corporate social responsibility is one of the examples of the active role of enterprises in implementing sustainable development goals. The corporate social responsibility (CSR) describes the companies that are aware of their mission and take responsibility for their impact on society in general. The CSR is vital for sustainability, competitiveness, advance of companies and development of the world economy. The CSR provides benefits for risk controlling, allows cost savings and stipulates affordability of the capital, facilitates stakeholders’ relationships and improvement of human resource management. In practice, human rights and corporate social responsibility have become an important aspect of business strategies for many companies.
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THE PRESENT STATUS OF SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT IMPLEMENTATION BY BUSINESSES IN SELECTED INDUSTRIES IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Viera Marková, Petra Lesníková, Alena Kaščáková, Miroslava Vinczeová

The significance of the business sustainability concept has been increasing not only abroad where it has been pursued by professionals as well as the general public for a longer time, but also here in Slovakia. It has evolved from the understood universal concept of sustainable development centred on bringing solutions to global problems and issues. It is mainly concerned with the use of limited natural resources, environmental exploitation, a fight against poverty, society polarization, etc. In a more comprehensive understanding, it involves the change and replacement of current production and consumption models with future, more sustainable ones. Looking at the complex and sectional issues of sustainable development, a positive relationship with the business sector can be observed.
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DEMOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS ON THE LEVELS OF MOBBING AND SINGLE CASES OF HARASSMENT: THE MULTICOMPLEX APPROACH

Jolita Vveinhardt, Dalia Štreimikienė

Understanding of the reasons of destructive relationships in work environment is a big step towards the solution of the problem. In recent years, there are a growing number of studies which analyse various aspects of such relations in the work environment. Mobbing and harassment take a significant place. However, when analysing academic literature, there is a dual problem: in many studies mobbing and single cases of harassment are researched separately.
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GENDER EQUALITY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN SLOVAKIA

Hussam Musa, Lenka Debnárová, Zdenka Musová, Peter Krištofík

In the European environment, a major initiative for responsible business practice was introduced in the Lisbon summit in March 2000, which EU leaders agreed to make the European Union the most competitive and dynamic knowledgebased economy in the world, capable of sustained economic growth with more jobs and grater social cohesion by 2010 (Musová & Poliačiková, 2008). Consequently, the European Commission issued several documents on social responsibility of businesses in order to help integrate the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) into everyday business life. In the year 2001 the European Commission in its Green Paper published the first official definition of CSR as the “voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns of company’s commercial operations and its relationship with its stakeholders” (Horehájová & Marasová, 2008; Sopková & Raškovská, 2012; Martinčík & Polívka, 2012).
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INFLUENCE OF BUSINESS PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS AND CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT TO OVERAL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: “SAVE THE PLANET AND KEEP YOUR PERFORMANCE”

Rastislav Rajnoha, Petra Lesníková, Vladimír Krajčík

The examination of the measuring corporate performance issues is dedicated to many authors from different points of view: the relationship of the strategy and strategic orientation to the business performance (Morgan & Strong, 2003); the view of a strategic measurement performance system through strategic agenda and decision-making as a result of the process of (re)formulating strategy (Bisbe & Malagueño, 2012); the effect of strategic measurement performance system on the important attributes of the strategy formulating process (Gimbert et al., 2010); the effect of strategic performance measurement system of human resources and corporate results (Bento & White, 2014); the use of the process performance measurement (Tuček et al., 2013); the relations among customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and financial performance of a commercial bank (Belás & Gabčová, 2016); the methodology for prediction and detection of the ways of solving demanding situations in managerial work, with obvious implications in performance of managers and in efficiency of business performance management (Lajčin, Frankovský, & Štefko, 2012); the model of acquisition activity in financial sector (Korauš et al., 2015); performance management and public corporate governance with regard to relationships with both external (stakeholders) and internal (politicians and management) actors (Romolini et al., 2015).
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PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN CZECH COMPANIES: FINDINGS FROM A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Michaela Stříteská, David Zapletal, Lucie Jelínková

Increasing globalization and technological revolution represent the primary challenges for maintaining competitiveness in today’s business environment. Concerning these challenges, businesses must create a longterm vision and formulate new strategies to allow managers to manage short-term performance in accordance with long-term needs. Therefore, measuring and managing performance is being increasingly emphasized. There are a growing number of companies that have realized that improving performance and increasing competitiveness can be achieved by developing effective performance measurement and management.
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THE TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM – CZECH AND NIPPON CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES

Richard Brunet-Thornton, Michal Koža, Vladimír Bureš

Japanese companies are considered a benchmark from various perspectives in the realm of business and management. Their foreign direct investments (FDI) have been considerable over the last decades in Central Europe. Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) are by their nature prone to cross-cultural interaction (Rozkwitalska, 2010). This is especially significant in the case of Japanese MNEs, which heavily rely on the use of expatriates to control foreign subsidiaries and implement foreign managerial systems (Harzing, 1999).
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PERSPECTIVES OF TALENT MANAGEMENT: EVIDENCE FROM CZECH AND SLOVAK BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS

Dana Egerová, Drahoslav Lančarič, Ludvík Eger, Radovan Savov

Talent management has recently emerged as one of the key issues facing organizations and will undoubtedly continue being an important challenge for management. The consensus among the academic community is that the management of talent represents an important source of competitive advantage for organizations worldwide and that the prosperity of an organization depends on its ability to manage its talents effectively.
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ATTITUDES OF MANAGERS TOWARDS DISADVANTAGED GROUPS ON THE LABOUR MARKET IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

René Pawera, Vladimíra Pazderová, Marian Šuplata

The issue of equal opportunities in the labour market is a highly topical issue, requiring the public attention. Considering that the Slovak Republic is already more than ten years a member of the European Union, it is necessary to address the issue not only on the national but also on the supranational level. The institutions of the European Union, using various instruments and taking complementary actions are trying to ensure equal opportunities in the labour market of the EU.
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