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THE IMPACT OF SUPPLY CHAIN LEADERSHIP AND FOLLOWERSHIP ON CSR: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ABOUT A PORTUGUESE ENERGY SUPPLIER

Pedro Fontoura, Arnaldo Coelho

Sustainability is a theme that has gained interest among researchers and practitioners due to the increase of stakeholder awareness regarding environmental and social issues. In this context, the purchasing power of a company may turn out to be an important booster to bring positive changes to society. Corporations have to use this power to accomplish a goal and turn their supply chain in a driver for inclusive growth (Szegedi & Kerekes, 2012). Consequently, businesses have become conscious of the requirement of developing strategies, which can spread their usual corporate governance methods beyond the company’s borderline to their supply chain partners. According to Keating, Quazi and Kriz (2007), the appearance of purchasing approaches in favour of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the most noticeable display of this extension.
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INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCES IN SLOVAK BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

Dana Benčiková, Denisa Malá, Jaroslav Ďaďo

The contemporary business world is so highly globalized that it would be wrong to assume that an enterprise which wants to succeed in international competition, may exist and fully function without any international trade or relations. Intercultural competences of the employees are thus becoming increasingly important. One may think that when dealing with the enterprise’s stakeholders, professional knowledge and technical skills are sufficient in order to maintain the corporate processes running smoothly. However, considering the fact that for different reasons, e.g. work migration, or work exchanges, the working environment is growing to be highly diverse and intercultural, the importance of being interculturally competent is clearly relevant at all hierarchy levels, and in relation to both external and internal stakeholders.
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THE LEVEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AS A CONSTANT CHALLENGE FOR COMPANY MANAGEMENT – AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND POLAND

Marcela Sokolova, Vaclav Zubr, Anna Cierniak-Emerych, Szymon T. Dziuba

Due to the pressure of global competition, shortened product-life cycles and the increasing opportunity to imitate product designs or their elements, companies continuously focus on innovations as one of their main agenda in order to maintain their global or national competitiveness. Besides, these innovations are considered as an ultimate source of productivity improvement, the growth in sales volume, and the capability of a company in question to stay competitive on the global market (Liao, Hu, Chen, & Lin, 2015). Companies perceive the need to continuously adapt, develop, and innovate as an economic necessity that results from global market pressures. The enhancement of product design and quality, accessorial technological services, their accessibility and reliability are no longer only seen as a benefit but rather an ultimate condition for the sustainability of company competitiveness.
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POLICIES TO PROMOTE CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) AND ASSESSMENT OF CSR IMPACTS

Jintao Lu, Licheng Ren, Wenfang Lin, Yifan He, Justas Streimikis

When implementing sustainable development principles, business should play the core role, and the corporate social responsibility is one of the examples of the active role of enterprises in implementing sustainable development goals. The corporate social responsibility (CSR) describes the companies that are aware of their mission and take responsibility for their impact on society in general. The CSR is vital for sustainability, competitiveness, advance of companies and development of the world economy. The CSR provides benefits for risk controlling, allows cost savings and stipulates affordability of the capital, facilitates stakeholders’ relationships and improvement of human resource management. In practice, human rights and corporate social responsibility have become an important aspect of business strategies for many companies.
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THE PRESENT STATUS OF SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT IMPLEMENTATION BY BUSINESSES IN SELECTED INDUSTRIES IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Viera Marková, Petra Lesníková, Alena Kaščáková, Miroslava Vinczeová

The significance of the business sustainability concept has been increasing not only abroad where it has been pursued by professionals as well as the general public for a longer time, but also here in Slovakia. It has evolved from the understood universal concept of sustainable development centred on bringing solutions to global problems and issues. It is mainly concerned with the use of limited natural resources, environmental exploitation, a fight against poverty, society polarization, etc. In a more comprehensive understanding, it involves the change and replacement of current production and consumption models with future, more sustainable ones. Looking at the complex and sectional issues of sustainable development, a positive relationship with the business sector can be observed.
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DEMOGRAPHIC, SOCIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS ON THE LEVELS OF MOBBING AND SINGLE CASES OF HARASSMENT: THE MULTICOMPLEX APPROACH

Jolita Vveinhardt, Dalia Štreimikienė

Understanding of the reasons of destructive relationships in work environment is a big step towards the solution of the problem. In recent years, there are a growing number of studies which analyse various aspects of such relations in the work environment. Mobbing and harassment take a significant place. However, when analysing academic literature, there is a dual problem: in many studies mobbing and single cases of harassment are researched separately.
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GENDER EQUALITY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN SLOVAKIA

Hussam Musa, Lenka Debnárová, Zdenka Musová, Peter Krištofík

In the European environment, a major initiative for responsible business practice was introduced in the Lisbon summit in March 2000, which EU leaders agreed to make the European Union the most competitive and dynamic knowledgebased economy in the world, capable of sustained economic growth with more jobs and grater social cohesion by 2010 (Musová & Poliačiková, 2008). Consequently, the European Commission issued several documents on social responsibility of businesses in order to help integrate the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) into everyday business life. In the year 2001 the European Commission in its Green Paper published the first official definition of CSR as the “voluntary integration of social and environmental concerns of company’s commercial operations and its relationship with its stakeholders” (Horehájová & Marasová, 2008; Sopková & Raškovská, 2012; Martinčík & Polívka, 2012).
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INFLUENCE OF BUSINESS PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS AND CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT TO OVERAL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: “SAVE THE PLANET AND KEEP YOUR PERFORMANCE”

Rastislav Rajnoha, Petra Lesníková, Vladimír Krajčík

The examination of the measuring corporate performance issues is dedicated to many authors from different points of view: the relationship of the strategy and strategic orientation to the business performance (Morgan & Strong, 2003); the view of a strategic measurement performance system through strategic agenda and decision-making as a result of the process of (re)formulating strategy (Bisbe & Malagueño, 2012); the effect of strategic measurement performance system on the important attributes of the strategy formulating process (Gimbert et al., 2010); the effect of strategic performance measurement system of human resources and corporate results (Bento & White, 2014); the use of the process performance measurement (Tuček et al., 2013); the relations among customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and financial performance of a commercial bank (Belás & Gabčová, 2016); the methodology for prediction and detection of the ways of solving demanding situations in managerial work, with obvious implications in performance of managers and in efficiency of business performance management (Lajčin, Frankovský, & Štefko, 2012); the model of acquisition activity in financial sector (Korauš et al., 2015); performance management and public corporate governance with regard to relationships with both external (stakeholders) and internal (politicians and management) actors (Romolini et al., 2015).
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PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN CZECH COMPANIES: FINDINGS FROM A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Michaela Stříteská, David Zapletal, Lucie Jelínková

Increasing globalization and technological revolution represent the primary challenges for maintaining competitiveness in today’s business environment. Concerning these challenges, businesses must create a longterm vision and formulate new strategies to allow managers to manage short-term performance in accordance with long-term needs. Therefore, measuring and managing performance is being increasingly emphasized. There are a growing number of companies that have realized that improving performance and increasing competitiveness can be achieved by developing effective performance measurement and management.
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THE TOYOTA PRODUCTION SYSTEM – CZECH AND NIPPON CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES

Richard Brunet-Thornton, Michal Koža, Vladimír Bureš

Japanese companies are considered a benchmark from various perspectives in the realm of business and management. Their foreign direct investments (FDI) have been considerable over the last decades in Central Europe. Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) are by their nature prone to cross-cultural interaction (Rozkwitalska, 2010). This is especially significant in the case of Japanese MNEs, which heavily rely on the use of expatriates to control foreign subsidiaries and implement foreign managerial systems (Harzing, 1999).
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