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SPACE IN ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT. INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE IN MODELLING TOWARDS NEW MANAGERIAL ROLES

Piotr Pachura

The concept of space is frequently used as a sort of metaphor, with the aim of referring to a colloquial, intuitive interpretation of space as a kind of location, area, field or scene where events take place. Recognisable research problems stem from the conviction that there is a lack of complex conceptualisation of space as a subject in interdisciplinary perspectives for organisation and management sciences. At the same time, a greater interest in issues of space has arisen in recent years, which have been associated with the increasing importance of globalisation, the network economy, and knowledge in organisations (Taylor & Spicer, 2007). Thus, understanding complex interdisciplinary research in this area is the main motivation of this paper. On an epistemological level, the aim of the paper is to conceptualise space in its different dimensions in relation to the classical achievements of organisation and management sciences.
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THE GAP OF IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN BUSINESS BETWEEN 2014 AND 2016

Jan Kramoliš, Anna Kotásková

As a result of dynamic changes on the market and a tightened competitiveness struggle, design is becoming one of the key business triggers to gain the essential competitive advantage in business. Bruce and Bessant (2002) state the major benefits of design management: increase profit by increasing sales or by decreasing manufacturing costs, increase market share, gain a competitive advantage, revamp mature and failing products, and provide a strategy for growth. Design is a way of launching a new product of service. Bloch (1995) also states that a good design attracts consumers to a product and adds value to the product by increasing the quality of the usage experiences associated with it. Managers are well aware of what design is and of the fact that it can add value in a competitive environment (Kramoliš, 2015).
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QUALITY EVALUATION OF INTERNET WEBSITES WHICH REPRESENTS THE LITHUANIAN BASKETBALL THROUGH CONSUMERS APPROACH

Antanas Ūsas, Edmundas Jasinskas, Dalia Štreimikienė, Biruta Švagždienė, Artūras Simanavičius

Information communication technologies (ICT) over the last five years have become one of the main parts of the society. Smartphones, personal computers have become an integral part of everyday life. E-commerce is a very relevant subject and the topic is discussed around the world. In 2013, 41% of all internet users had purchased online and sales in 2015, reach $1,471 billion (statista.com, 2016).
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF HOSPITAL HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION

Pavla Staňková, Šárka Papadaki, Ján Dvorský

Economic theory suggests that consolidation of hospital ownership through the formation of multiple hospital ‘‘systems’’ should lead to improved hospital performance. The general view of system superiority follows from considerations of economies of scale, improved financial and other administrative management, and better access to financial capital. Still, there is little evidence demonstrating greater efficiency in system-affiliated hospitals. The majority of studies have found hospitals belonging to multiple hospital systems to be more cost than independent hospitals, raising questions regarding the social value of much of the recent growth of new inter- organizational relationships. (Carey, 2003)
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SECTORAL ANALYSIS OF THE DIFFERENCES IN PROFITABILITY OF CZECH AND GERMAN BUSINESS VENTURES – AN EMPIRICAL BENCHMARK STUDY

Dirk Beyer, Jana Hinke

Conducting business involves a constant flow of money and capital, whose renewal and expansion on the one hand and distribution and investment on the other need to be managed. Business entities are required to be able to sustainably appreciate capital invested, therefore, it is necessary to conduct analyses of the rate of return on capital invested as part of business management.
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THE KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF THE BALANCED SCORECARD METHOD IN BUSINESSES IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Ľubica Lesáková, Katarína Dubcová, Petra Gundová

One of the management tools that is gaining popularity in business practice is the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). The BSC was developed by Robert Kaplan and David Norton in 1992 as an alternative to traditional performance measurement approaches that focus solely on financial indicators and are based purely on a business´s past performance. During the years the Balanced Scorecard has evolved from its early use as a simple performance measurement framework to a full strategic planning and management system.
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EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF B2C E-COMMERCE INTENSITY IN EU MEMBER STATES

Hana Kunešová, Ludvík Eger

Electronic commerce (e-commerce), as part of e-business, is still undergoing dynamic development and significantly affects the economic reality in EU member states. E-commerce relates to the development of information and communications technologies (ICT). It has gone through development stages (detailed below), and since 2010 (Schneider, 2015) has been in its current maturity stage in developed countries and the European Union (EU) (Qin et al., 2014, according to whom the maturity stage of e-commerce dates back to 2004).
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THE INTEGRATIVE MANAGEMENT MODEL FOR RESTRUCTURING SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SME)

Andrius Tamošiūnas

Restructuring processes are continuous in market economies. Technological progress, diffusion of innovations results in market disruptions and convergences. The latter create new markets and value networks, impact the scope and scale of consumption and related businesses changing the nature of competition and market dynamics. Such evolution affects all sectors of economic systems including processes of integration and globalization, causing enterprises to restructure in order to maintain or strengthen their market position.
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EFFECTIVE EVALUATION OF CLOUD COMPUTING INVESTMENT – APPLICATION OF COST BENEFIT METHOD ANALYSIS

Petra Marešová, Vladimír Soběslav

Dependence of economic competitiveness on ICT has been proven in the studies at enterprise level by e.g. Dedrick et al. (2003), and at macroeconomic level by e.g. Niebel (2014). All studies collectively appraise the positive influence of ICT sector development. Nowadays, employing ICT both into enterprises and state administration is a great step towards increasing productivity and therefore, economic competitiveness (Antlova et al., 2011).
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INFLUENCE OF BUSINESS PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS AND CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY CONCEPT TO OVERAL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: “SAVE THE PLANET AND KEEP YOUR PERFORMANCE”

Rastislav Rajnoha, Petra Lesníková, Vladimír Krajčík

The examination of the measuring corporate performance issues is dedicated to many authors from different points of view: the relationship of the strategy and strategic orientation to the business performance (Morgan & Strong, 2003); the view of a strategic measurement performance system through strategic agenda and decision-making as a result of the process of (re)formulating strategy (Bisbe & Malagueño, 2012); the effect of strategic measurement performance system on the important attributes of the strategy formulating process (Gimbert et al., 2010); the effect of strategic performance measurement system of human resources and corporate results (Bento & White, 2014); the use of the process performance measurement (Tuček et al., 2013); the relations among customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and financial performance of a commercial bank (Belás & Gabčová, 2016); the methodology for prediction and detection of the ways of solving demanding situations in managerial work, with obvious implications in performance of managers and in efficiency of business performance management (Lajčin, Frankovský, & Štefko, 2012); the model of acquisition activity in financial sector (Korauš et al., 2015); performance management and public corporate governance with regard to relationships with both external (stakeholders) and internal (politicians and management) actors (Romolini et al., 2015).
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