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SPACE IN ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT. INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVE IN MODELLING TOWARDS NEW MANAGERIAL ROLES

Piotr Pachura

The concept of space is frequently used as a sort of metaphor, with the aim of referring to a colloquial, intuitive interpretation of space as a kind of location, area, field or scene where events take place. Recognisable research problems stem from the conviction that there is a lack of complex conceptualisation of space as a subject in interdisciplinary perspectives for organisation and management sciences. At the same time, a greater interest in issues of space has arisen in recent years, which have been associated with the increasing importance of globalisation, the network economy, and knowledge in organisations (Taylor & Spicer, 2007). Thus, understanding complex interdisciplinary research in this area is the main motivation of this paper. On an epistemological level, the aim of the paper is to conceptualise space in its different dimensions in relation to the classical achievements of organisation and management sciences.
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THE TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENT OF NEW PRODUCTS, PRODUCT NEWNESS AND MARKET INFORMATION

Dariusz Dabrowski

Nowadays, technological progress creates a good opportunity for companies to develop and launch products that incorporate advanced technologies. This process is particularly present in the case of high-tech companies as they are technology oriented (Im, Vorhies, Kim, & Heiman, 2016). Firms utilize advanced technology to improve the functionality of their products and in this way they try to satisfy the customers’ needs to a large extent (Kocak, Carsrud, & Oflazoglu, 2017) and, as a consequence, to enhance the new products and the firm’s performance (Chen, Tang, Jin, Xie, & Li, 2014; Zhou, Yim, & Tse, 2005). This seems to be a straightforward way for companies to create new products. However, several uncertainties emerge when developing technologically advanced products. Nearly thirty years ago Bonnet (1986) pointed out that the uncertainty associated with developing and marketing new technologically advanced products is twofold.
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INNOVATIVE SUPPLIER PARTNERSHIP ASSESSMENT MODEL IN A POLISH TRADING ENTERPRISE

Rafał Tyszkiewicz, Agnieszka Pawlak-Wolanin, Julita Markiewicz-Patkowska, Soňa Jandová, Piotr Oleśniewicz, Helena Jáčová, Monika Tyszkiewicz

The relationship between a company and a supplier is a strategic resource for both parties. However, not every such relationship can be considered strategic. In order for a relationship to assume strategic importance, it must be special (or unique) in some terms and difficult to imitate. Otherwise, it will not contribute to making the company stand out against the competition. Such relationships may be formed in two areas. Firstly, they may be intended to increase the company’s access to financial resources; secondly, they facilitate investment (Tyszkiewicz, 2017b). It is noteworthy that partnership is based on such elements as trust and communication. These factors produce a continuous and deepening effect to ensure long-term results satisfactory for both parties involved. It is also significant to define the roles, tasks, and responsibilities of the suppliers and the clients, as well as to fairly share risks, costs, and profits arising from implementation of new initiatives (Christopher, 2000).
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EVALUATION OF THE FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION MEMBER STATES ON BASIS OF MULTIPLE INDICATORS CHANGED TO MULTIPLE OBJECTIVES

Changxing Li

Innovation has received more and more attention in the European Union since adoption of the Lisbon Strategy in 2000. In 2010 the European Commission 2010; European Council adopted a new strategy, Europe 2020, which stressed again the importance of innovations. Therefore it is important to evaluate the current level of the European Union Member States’ technological and economic development as well as its innovations impact on it. Innovation impact on economic development was analyzed by correlating various composite indices with GDP per capita indicator (Fagerberg & Srholec, 2008). The author proposes a conceptual model for economic development evaluation according to a world-system approach. The level of economic development can thus be identified by a system of indicators rather than single one (e.g. GDP per capita).
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THE GAP OF IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN BUSINESS BETWEEN 2014 AND 2016

Jan Kramoliš, Anna Kotásková

As a result of dynamic changes on the market and a tightened competitiveness struggle, design is becoming one of the key business triggers to gain the essential competitive advantage in business. Bruce and Bessant (2002) state the major benefits of design management: increase profit by increasing sales or by decreasing manufacturing costs, increase market share, gain a competitive advantage, revamp mature and failing products, and provide a strategy for growth. Design is a way of launching a new product of service. Bloch (1995) also states that a good design attracts consumers to a product and adds value to the product by increasing the quality of the usage experiences associated with it. Managers are well aware of what design is and of the fact that it can add value in a competitive environment (Kramoliš, 2015).
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INNOVATIONS AMONG PEOPLE. HOW POSITIVE RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK CAN TRIGGER INNOVATION CREATION

Aldona Glińska-Neweś, Agata Sudolska, Arkadiusz Karwacki, Joanna Górka

Nowadays it is more and more frequently emphasized that organization’s ability to innovate is an explanatory factor in determining its competitiveness. It refers to the fact that contemporary organizations act under permanent pressure of economic, technological, political and social changes. Taking into account such an unstable environment, the issue that becomes significant is enhancing organizational capacity to respond to external changes with some novel products, processes, ideas etc. (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995; Bessant, Lamming, Noke, & Philips, 2005; Bessant & Tidd, 2007; Ellonen, Blomqvist, & Puumalainen, 2008; Pietrzak & Łapińska, 2015).
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ACCESS TO FINANCE: INNOVATIVE FIRMS’ PERCEPTIONS IN POST-TRANSITION EU MEMBERS

Valerija Botrić, Ljiljana Božić

It is widely documented in the literature that innovators perceive business obstacles differently from non-innovators (Mohnen et al., 2008; Galia & Legros, 2004). Extant findings indicate that firms are able to surmount obstacles (Baldwin & Lin, 2002; Tourigny & Le, 2004) and efforts to understand how firms manage to innovate despite obstacles have been made (Radas & Božić, 2012). It has also been emphasized in the literature that we need to distinguish between obstacles that cause absence of innovation and those that make innovation difficult (D’Este et al., 2012; D’Este, Rentocchini, & Vega-Jurado, 2015).
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THE IMPORTANCE OF DESIGN IN BUSINESS PRACTICES OF CZECH COMPANIES

Jan Kramoliš, Pavla Staňková, Michal Richtr

As a result of rapid changes and a growing competitiveness of companies at present, design is becoming one of the key instruments of innovation and also the key instrument of companies´ performance. For the reason of having products more and more technically alike, it is the design that is becoming an instrument of competitiveness as well as the criterion for decision making of final consumers.
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Utilization Level of Business Process Management in Czech Enterprises – Objectives and Factors

David Tuček, Michaela Hájková, Zuzana Tučková

Business Process Management (BPM) is becoming a hot topic for the scientific community solving a variety of research in the field of BPM as well as for the business sector constantly dealing with problems resulting from dynamic changes in the market. A process approach, which is the basis of BPM, is often referred to as a philosophy that is the cornerstone of the work organization in the company and the foundation of all business operations and activities.
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Výběr potenciálních partnerů ze sklářského odvětví ČR pro zapojení do RP EU

Petra Rydvalová, Radka Pittnerová

Lze pomoci rozvoji sklářství (tradičnímu odvětví Čech) přípravou inovačních projektů financovaných z Rámcových programů Evropské unie (dále také EU)? Na tuto otázku hledá odpověď předkládaný článek. Vychází z již realizovaných aktivit týmu Ekonomické fakulty Technické univerzity v Liberci (dále také EF TUL) a VÚTS, a.s., a to v rámci inovačních a výzkumných projektů. Cílem článku je zmapovat stav inovačního potenciálu výrobců vybraných komodit sklářského průmyslu.
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