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COLLABORATION FOR INNOVATION IN SMALL CEE COUNTRIES

Viktor Prokop, Jan Stejskal, Oto Hudec

Firms are struggling to gain competitive advantage to resist the ever-increasing global market pressures. Many strategic management studies have identified several essential pillars of building firm’s strategy, often highlighting positive relationships between the use of human resources and the firm performance (Collins & Clark, 2003; Wright et al., 2005). Thus, human capital as the stock of productive knowledge and skills embodied in individuals is a crucial strategic production factor. Knowledge and human resource are intrinsically related concepts since it is people who can learn, generate, utilise and disseminate knowledge in collaborative networks. Knowledge is a primary input in the innovation process, and the ability to use knowledge is crucial in achieving high innovation performance and the strategic competitive advantage (Bock, Opsahl et al., 2012).
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IMPORTANCE OF R&D EXPENDITURE FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SELECTED CEE COUNTRIES

Irena Szarowská

Research and development (R&D) is of fundamental importance in the creation of knowledge, products and technologies (Solow, 1956; Jones, 1995; Köhler et al., 2012; OECD, 2012; Szarowská, 2016; 2017). Generally, governments have three main instruments for financing R&D (own R&D, direct funding and indirect funding), each of which has advantages and disadvantages from the perspective of economic theory (David et al., 2000). The financial crisis prompted many governments to introduce tough fiscal consolidation measures and to prioritize other issues over R&D. However, Hud and Hussinger (2015) note that to prevent firms from reducing their R&D expenses and to maintain national R&D capacities, policymakers in many countries reacted immediately to the crisis and increased the public R&D budget.
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IS CONSUMER CONFIDENCE INDEX A SUITABLE PREDICTOR OF FUTURE ECONOMIC GROWTH? AN EVIDENCE FROM THE USA

Jiří Mazurek, Elena Mielcová

In general, an economic growth is defined as an increase in the capacity of an economy to produce goods and services, compared from one period of time to another. In macroeconomics, the economic growth is expressed by changes in real GDP. The existence of business cycles was observed and studied since 19th century.
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GROWTH DISPARITIES AMONG REGIONS OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES: AN EVIDENCE OF THEIR EXTENT AND NATURE

Pavel Zdražil, Petra Applová

Uneven regional development is generally understood as a problem of growing importance. Leaders of the European Union (EU) aim to actively address this issue, which can be manifested, for example, by the fact that one of the pivotal long-term and ongoing goals of EU regional policy is to combat regional disparities, which is directly based on Article 174 of the consolidated Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (EU, 2010).
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Dimenzie podnikania a vzdelávania a ich implikácie v ekonomike Slovenska

Viera Kuzmišinová, Peter Kuzmišin

V 2. polovici 20. storočia v oblasti ekonomickej teórie i hospodárskej praxe sa začala intenzívnejšie venovať pozornosť skúmaniu budúcich možností a charakteru ekonomického rozvoja. Dôvodom boli najmä zdrojové obmedzenia spojené s industriálnou ekonomikou, ale i ďalšie najmä vonkajšie vplyvy ekonomického rastu, ktoré ovplyvnili vývoj svetovej ekonomiky, čo podnietilo hľadanie nových riešení na zabezpečenie budúcej prosperity.
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