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AN EXPANDED CONCEPTUALIZATION OF “SMART” CITIES: ADDING VALUE WITH FUZZY COGNITIVE MAPS

Bárbara P. Miguel, Fernando A. F. Ferreira, Audrius Banaitis, Nerija Banaitienė, Ieva Meidutė-Kavaliauskienė, Pedro F. Falcão

The world’s population continues to increase rapidly, and, within the next 30 years, more than half of all people will choose to live in large urban centers (Faria et al., 2018). This has led to a number of problems, such as congested people and transportation traffic and increased pollution that produces climate change. The concept of “smart” cities has emerged as a way to deal with these issues, in which these cities are defined as an ecosystem that seeks to improve citizens’ quality of life through a combination of technology, sustainability, and physical infrastructures (Estrada et al., 2018). Smart cities have to use new technologies ranging from the Internet of Things (IoT), which facilitates connections between everything, to home automation (i.e., the ease with which citizens can manage daily routines through their homes).
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IMPACT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON THE ECOLOGY IN THE REGIONS OF LITHUANIA

Romualdas Ginevicius, Dainora Gedvilaite, Andrius Stasiukynas

Today, when we talk about development, irrespective of the level of the analysed subject – a state, a sphere of economic activity, a region or a company – first of all we think about sustainable development. The following concept of sustainable development has been formed in the global environmental and in economic development forums, and has become the classic definition: it is development that meets the current needs of a society without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This concept is based on three components – environmental, economic and social development.
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ECONOMIC CONTEXT OF EUROPEAN SUBSIDIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON REGIONAL ECONOMIC DISPARITIES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Kristýna Brzáková, Jiří Kraft

European Union allocated 513 billion CZK through the European Structural and Investment funds (ESI) to the Czech Republic during the previous programming period of the European Union (EU) (i.e. 2007-2013) based on data of Ministry of Regional Development CZ (MRD CZ) (MRD CZ, 2015a). The amount of money was allocated to the renewal of decaying residential, tourist and civic brownfields, to educate people, to support businesses, educational institutions, agriculture and generally support the lagging regions that are below the average of gross domestic product (GDP) in the EU25.
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GROWTH DISPARITIES AMONG REGIONS OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES: AN EVIDENCE OF THEIR EXTENT AND NATURE

Pavel Zdražil, Petra Applová

Uneven regional development is generally understood as a problem of growing importance. Leaders of the European Union (EU) aim to actively address this issue, which can be manifested, for example, by the fact that one of the pivotal long-term and ongoing goals of EU regional policy is to combat regional disparities, which is directly based on Article 174 of the consolidated Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (EU, 2010).
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TRANSFORMATION OF RETAILING IN POST-COMMUNIST SLOVAKIA IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION

František Križan, Kristína Bilková, Pavol Kita, Tomáš Siviček

Globalization can influence economies in the transformation in a variety of ways (Blanchard, 1997; Charap & Dyba, 1991; Jarmołowicz & Piatek, 2013; Kita, 2008; Rumpel et al., 2013; Svejnar, 2002; Urbšienė, 2013) and in addition to this, the geographical point of view in this topic is relevant (Coe, 2004; Wrigley 2000). Some of the authors claim, that geography plays a key role in the success of a business (Roig-Tierno et al., 2013).
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COMPETITIVENESS AND CONVERGENCE OF CZECH REGIONS: PERSISTENCE OF DISCREPANCIES

David Martinčík, Marta Šlehoferová

Regional competitiveness is one of the current topics dealt with in works of many authors. It was brought into focus after the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union, namely due to the possibility of drawing money from EU funds for regional development. These finances are used to increase the competitiveness of regions and decrease regional disparities caused by various factors.
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Creative Industries In The Czech Republic: A Spatial Perspective

Ondřej Slach, Jaroslav Koutský, Josef Novotný, Jan Ženka

It was approximately around the end of the 1990s when terms creative industries and creative class entered academic and public policy discourse and have become to large extent fashionable topics in the field of urban and regional development. This happened despite the fact that both concepts show a number of ambiguities with respect to their theoretical, methodological-empirical and even application underpinnings.
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Shrinking Cities and Governance of Economic Reneration: The Case of Ostrava

Petr Rumpel, Ondřej Slach, Jaroslav Koutský

The object of our case study is the old-industrial city of Ostrava, in the Czech Republic, Central Europe, which was hit after 1989 by deindustrialization and other related phenomena. Urban shrinkage is defined as the pathway of urban development characterised by declining numbers of inhabitants. Declining population numbers are a local consequence of macroprocesses in the economy, in the social and political systems or even of natural disasters.
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Meranie ekonomického a finančného vplyvu majstrovstiev sveta v hokeji 2011 na mesto Košice

Miriam Šebová, Peter Džupka

Pri posudzovaní významu a účinkov ekonomických aktivít v ohraničenom priestore ponúkajú ekonomické vedy aparát vybraných nástrojov. Pre prax je zaujímavé skúmať ekonomický vplyv veľkých infraštruktúrnych projektov (napr. výstavby letísk, prístavov, diaľnic, priemyselnýchch parkov) alebo vplyvy lokalizácie podnikov a inštitúcií. Výber vhodnej metódy skúmaniazávisí od typu posudzovanej aktivity a cieľa analýzy, pričom najãastejšie sa využívajú finančná analýza, cost-benefit analýza,štúdie uskutočnitelnosti, analýzy vplyvov na životné prostredie a tzv. štúdie ekonomických vplyvov (angl. economic impacts), ktoré umožňujú kvantifikovať dodatočné príjmy, ktoré prinesie analyzovaná aktivita pre lokálnu, regionálnu alebo národnú ekonomiku.
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The Regional Relationship Between Quality of Business and Social Environment: Harmony or Disharmony?

Milan Viturka, René Wokoun, Nikola Krejčová, Petr Tonev, Vladimír Žítek

The relationship between the economic and social development, including its political consequences, is undoubtedly one of the most important matters to be examined by social science studies. The concept of economic development is, however, often confused with a different concept of economic growth. While the economic growth is an increase in production of goods and services, the economic development, together with social development, represents a multidimensional integral part of the broader concept of the civilization development whose main purpose is the overall improvement of the quality of human life.
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