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THE ROLE OF EDUCATION, INDIVIDUAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL INITIATIVES: A MICROECONOMIC APPROACH FOR THE CZECH REPUBLIC, SLOVAKIA AND POLAND

Yuriy Bilan, Mihaela Simionescu, Grzegorz Mentel, Zoltan Rozsa

The purpose of this research is to assess the impact of university education and business environment on entrepreneurial initiatives and to make comparisons of the results between students coming from Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. These countries were selected for the analysis since these are three of the V4 countries with common targets regarding the development of business environment and with an important location advantage. The International Visegrad Fund promotes mutual cooperation within the region in various fields, including the development of economic relations (in tourism, education, scientific research, cross-border cooperation). This Fund also implements own projects in these fields. The importance of the research is justified by the identification of the factors that mostly affect entrepreneurial initiatives; these factors could be developed more in order to increase the number of successful businesses in each of these country. Moreover, some obstacles to entrepreneurial initiatives are identified and suitable recommendations are provided to minimize these obstacles.
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THE STABILITY OF BANKRUPTCY PREDICTORS IN THE CONSTRUCTION AND MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES AT VARIOUS TIMES BEFORE BANKRUPTCY

Michal Karas, Mária Režňáková

According to Wu (2010), the internal causes of firm bankruptcy may be seen in insufficient management skills, marketing and an inability to compete. They are refl ected in company performance. For this reason, accounting data, or rather financial ratios, are a frequent source of information for assessing the stability and viability of an enterprise.
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THE EFFECTS OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION AND THE IMPACT OF BREXIT ON THE UK IMMIGRANTS FROM THE CEE COUNTRIES

Mihaela Simionescu, Yuriy Bilan, Luboš Smrčka, Zuzana Vincúrová

Even if most immigrants come from nonEU states, the EU membership is often considered as the UK’s perceived migration issue. Immigration is an actual problem in the UK and one of the main causes of Brexit. The debate regarding the immigrants issue is mostly referred to less developed countries from Central and Eastern Europe which joined the EU the latest. Some Britons considered that immigrants exerted high pressure on public services.
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ON THE GRAVITY EQUATION OF TRADE: A CASE OF GERMANY

Jiří Mazurek

The gravity model (or equation) of international trade is an economic analogy to Newton’s Law of gravity. The economic version of this law assumes that international bilateral trade is directly proportional to ‘sizes’ of trading economies, and indirectly proportional to their distance.
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DECOMPOSITION OF UNEMPLOYMENT: THE CASE OF THE VISEGRAD GROUP COUNTRIES

Michal Tvrdoň

In labour economics, unemployment is seen as a phenomenon when there is a market surplus of supplied amount of labour in the market. In other words, unemployment occurs when a person who is actively searching for employment is unable to find a job. Unemployment is often used as a measure of economy´s performance.
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Spôsob permanentnej úpravy výšky poistného v neživotnom poistení

Ján Gogola

Na určovanie poistného v neživotnom poistení neexistuje univerzálna metóda ani metodika. Spôsoby výpočtu jednotlivých poisťovní sa v technike kalkulovania poistného viac či menej líšia. Pri kalkulácii poistného sa vychádza buď z prognózovania celkového poistného v uvažovanej tarifnej skupine za určité poistné obdobie (najčastejšie jeden rok), alebo z prognózovania ukazovateľov, pomocou ktorých možno poistné vyjadriť.
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Determinácia systematického rizika kmeňovej akcie v modeli časovo-premenlivého fundamentálneho beta

Jozef Glova

Model CAPM, zvyčajne označovaný ako model oceňovania kapitálových aktív, je fundamentálným základom na pochopenie spôsobu, na ktorom kapitálové trhy pracujú. Pri existencii všetkých predpokladov modelu CAPM, jediné portfólio rizikových aktív, ktoré investori budú vlastniť, je trhové portfólio.
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Ekonomická výkonnost a trh práce v kontextu ekonomické krize: zkušenosti ze zemí Visegradské čtyřky

Michal Tvrdoň, Pavel Tuleja, Tomáš Verner

Nedávno proběhnuvší ekonomická krize narušila slibný konvergenční proces ekonomik Visegrádské čtyřky V-4), které se snaží dohnat ekonomickou úroveň původních zemí Evropské unie, měřenou pomocí hrubého omácího produktu na obyvatele (HDP/ob.). I nadále tak zůstává HDP/ob. těchto zemí pod úrovní průměru Evropské unie (EU-27). Cílem tohoto příspěvku je vyhodnotit vliv krize na ekonomickou výkonnost zemí V-4 a dopad změny této výkonnosti na fungování trhu práce v námi analyzovaných zemích.
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