Reflexe korupce ve vývoji ekonomických teorií
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corruption, history of economic theories, standard economics, public choice, institutional economics
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Data relating to corruption could fill up the whole library. Nevertheless, the object of interest could be categorized to different spheres: causes of corruption, results of corruption, analyses of…more
Data relating to corruption could fill up the whole library. Nevertheless, the object of interest could be categorized to different spheres: causes of corruption, results of corruption, analyses of corruption level in accordance with states, concrete corruption causes, anti-corruption experience in single countries and so on. However, a great deal of scientists defends against research on corruption and affirms that „what should not have been, it even may not be“. After all, even anti- -corruption legislation had originated practically always behind schedule (in England not till year 1889) because there dominated hypocritical tendency to affirm that the problem of corruption in this country does not exist. Although there had been written a number of books about corruption during overpast decades, really scientific (not only tabloid and journalistic) books and articles on the theme of corruption exist only on a small scale, both in terms of foreign and internal literature. Approaches to corruption are fragmented and only few approaches try to view to corruption as economic problem. That is why we attempt to map the reflection of corruption in historical development of economic theories in this text. This article is concerned with problems of corruption and its theoretic reflection in historical development of economic theories. In this context we analyse the period of origin of early economic thinking, the period of separation of economics as independent branch of science and the period of development of economics during nineteenth and twentieth century that reflected paradigm changes within economic theories. We lay specific stress on analysis of the theory of public choice and the conception of new institutional economics. In the paper we appear from the fact that corruption was, is and as well as in the future it will stay with the most probability one of the possible forms of economic behaviour of economic entities with significant impact on quality of economy of individual as well as economy of government. Our purpose in submitted paper is to discuss whether and which way the problems of corruption was analysed and interpreted by economists during historical development of economic theories.