Analýza príjmovej diferenciácie mužov a žien na Slovensku
Name and surname of author:
Alena Tartaľová, Tatiana Sovičová
gender inequality, gender income gap, empirical data, probability, distribution
DOI (& full text):
Gender inequality, especially gender inequality of incomes is at present times very monitored and discussed problem. The recognition of gender inequality degree has big social, as well as economic…more
Gender inequality, especially gender inequality of incomes is at present times very monitored and discussed problem. The recognition of gender inequality degree has big social, as well as economic importance. The theoretical and the methodological part of this work provides an overview of gender inequality, current problems of gender inequality in Slovakia and the European Union. It also defines the term and the causes of gender income gap and describes methods for its measurement. In analyzing the income from EU SILC data from the years 2005–2009, we concluded that there are significant difference sbetween them. The conclusion we have reached on the basis of statistical procedure. The first one was the comparison and verification of the probability distribution of income between men and women with descriptive characteristics and graphical tools, and another verification is based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. All of these indicators indicated that income distribution of income for men and women not followed the same probabilitydistribution in all analyzed years 2005–2009, and the distribution of income of the women were in each year over income distribution between men shifted more to the left, which
means that the total income of women has always been in lower levels. In this arcticle also the calculation and development description of the particular values of the relative income gap between men and women in basic quantiles can be found.