Jalil Heidary Dahooei, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Amir Salar Vanaki, Hamid Reza Firoozfar, Mehdi Keshavarz-Ghorabaee
Nowadays, organizations may deal with a variety of issues challenging the decision making such as overflow of data, lack of information, lack of knowledge and insufficiency of reports (Lin, Tsai, Shiang, Kuo, & Tsai, 2009). Over the years, management information systems including DSS, ES, EIS, and so on have been widely supported companies with their decisions; however, a key missing capability to manage decisions for emergencies, monitoring competition, collect data from different points of views, and carrying out constant analyses of numerous data and consider different variants of organization performance, is the major cause of failure to adequately meet the needs of enterprise decision-makers (Olszak & Ziemba, 2007). Given the widespread changes and the dynamics of today’s environment, organizations need to use new information systems that can analyse the various causal relationships both within and outside the organization. Hence they move towards using business intelligence (Gangadharan & Swami, 2004; Duan & Da Xu, 2012).
Mahsa Pishdar, Fatemeh Ghasemzadeh, Jurgita Antucheviciene, Jonas Saparauskas
Internet of Things (IOT) technology which turns out as a buzzword in the ICT contains elements such as biometrics, sensors and controlling data of the real world into the information technology platform (Mital et al., 2017). Research institutes predict its economic potential to be enormous and applicable in different industries such as healthcare, energy management, industrial automation, environmental management, trafﬁc management, logistic and supply chain management (Kim & Kim, 2016).
Alireza Khorakian, Mostafa Jahangir
Innovation is widely considered as an important factor for competitiveness and has been a focus of research for decades (Szabo, Soltés, & Herman, 2013). Innovation is very important for organizations and companies, because it helps them to gain a constant competitive advantage in today’s uncertain environment; and they can dominate their rivals (Teigland, Di Gangi, Flåten, Giovacchini, & Pastorino, 2014). Organization have to innovate in order to survive (Bowers & Khorakian, 2014). Because of rapid changes and intense competition in IT industry, IT companies need more innovation to grow and survive. Those companies who cannot present innovative products and services to the market constantly will definitely lose (Constantinides, 2013). One can refer to such kinds of companies as AOL, WebTV, Napser, Alta Vista, Nokia, Fairchild and Palm Computing (Bouman, 2010).