The interest in bank liquidity has grown signiﬁcantly in recent times not only among regulators, but in authors’ studies as well. The trigger mechanism was mainly the recent global ﬁnancial crisis, where a number of systems faced liquidity problems. On the basis of the crisis, the regulation on the part of the Basel Committee (Bank for International Settlements, 2010) in the area of liquidity has increased. The Basel Committee proposed the introduction of two liquidity indicators: the LCR (Liquidity Coverage Ratio) and the NSFR (Net Stable Funding Ratio), which the member states must obligatorily fulﬁl based on European law.
Liběna Černohorská, Anatoliy Pilyavskyy, William Aaronson
Banks are ﬁ nancial institutions that mediate payments, provide loans and take deposits from clients. The banking system has become an important component in the economic sector of each country. Like other industries, the banking industry has its own unique characteristics and speciﬁ cs that adapt to internal and external inﬂuences economic sector. Each country requires a reliable and stable banking system to assure the proper functioning of the economy. The problems in the banking sector will likely have an impact on the entire ﬁnancial sector.
Mohd Noor Azli Ali Khan, Noor Azizi Ismail, Abbas Mardani, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Arturas Kaklauskas
This paper analyzes on the perceptions of internet ﬁnancial reporting (hereinafter referred to as IFR) in Malaysia. While internet ﬁnancial reporting is fast and attractive becoming the standard in developed countries, but, few of previous studies have focused on this phenomenon in developing countries. In recent years internet usage have increased for dissemination of corporate information and is seen as a globalization process (Moradi et al., 2011; Gallego-Alvarez, 2011; Valentinetti & Rea, 2012).
Rizwan Raheem Ahmed, Jolita Vveinhardt, Nawaz Ahmad, Dalia Štreimi
Forecasting has become an important tool for statistical analysis because it helps in decisionmaking. The importance of forecasting is irrefutable because it is evident from the past that accurate forecasting for future interest rates helps policy makers to take timely steps in order to run the economic functions in a smooth manner. Monetary policy makers make the best use of forecasted KIBOR rates. Forecasting of the interest rates has been the center of interest for ﬁnancial researchers and those who are interested in ﬁxed income markets (Contreras et al., 2003).
Marianna Sinicakova, Veronika Sulikova, Beata Gavurova
In the 1980´s the US economy was marked by until then rather unusual external and internal deﬁcits. Similar situation gradually appeared in other countries. During last decade it was analysed in the case of so called PIIGS countries (Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Greece, and Spain) in the European Union. This co-movement draws interest of many researchers. Generally it is believed that internal deﬁcit (ﬁscal budget deﬁcit) causes external one (external balance deﬁcit). External balance deﬁcit is usually measured via trade or current account deﬁcit. This phenomenon is called „twin deﬁcit“. Twin deﬁcit problem can be perceived as a vicious circle. High budget deﬁcit generates important current account deﬁcit and this in turn leads to higher budget deﬁcit. Therefore twin deﬁcit threat should be in the centre of attention of policy makers.