Ľubica Lesáková, Miroslava Vinczeová, Alena Kaščáková
The crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has become an unpredictable global risk and is one of the largest global public health crises so far. At the same time, it triggers a serious economic crisis at the country and global levels and can have severe consequences for the future. The primary objective (with a view also to further economic development) must now be the protection of human health. Strict measures were and are necessary to prevent the spread of a disease that does not know any borders in today’s globally interconnected world, but which, to an unexpectedly large extent, restrict the functioning of businesses and the economy as a whole, thereby seriously disrupting many value chains. Although it is currently impossible to predict the overall economic impact of the crisis, it is already clear that it is a huge external shock manifesting itself on both the supply and demand sides.
Irena Antošová, Naďa Hazuchová, Jana Stávková
The health is defined as a state of a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being. Responsibility for health is determined not only by the healthcare system and genetic predispositions of individuals but also by one’s lifestyle and approach to achieving and keeping a good state of health (World Health Organization, 2006). Consumer behaviour concerning healthcare differs from other areas, above all because it is “a question of life and death”. Therefore, this type of decision-making tends to get significantly affected by emotions (Cazacu, 2015). Another significant difference is that consumers get healthcare products and services through a third party, most often a physician, who recommends steps to be taken and makes the decisions (Radulescu et al., 2012). Kenkel (1990) states that physicians can create or reduce demand for their services. Meeting health care needs is not always a matter of consumer choice, but other factors also play a role.
Xinxin Jing, Ruchuan Jiang, Zhiguo Chen, Zhi Deng
In recent years, the fund shortage faced by worldwide rural economic development has become a common plight, which cannot be resolved through peasants’ saving and loaning behaviours with rural financial institutions as intermediary agents. Agriculture can hardly be the credit object because of the long agricultural production cycle, slow capital operation, short and concentrated labour time, partially low labour efficiency, and strong dependence on the natural environment (Bianco, 2020). Thus, rural economic development lacks external financing paths (Donou-Adonsou & Sylwester, 2017; Liu & Liu, 2020). The situation is not optimistic in China, either. In the initial years after the founding of New China, financial policies were formulated to solve rural capital constraints and support agricultural development. Since 1978, rural financial development successively experienced four major phases: development recovery, expansion, supplementation and perfection, and deepened reform and innovation.
Investment incentives are a widely used tool of economic policy employed not only in the Czech Republic (CR) but also in other European economies. Given the ambiguous perception established by the review of the literature on investment incentives and the effects that supported investment brings to the economy, this article aims to evaluate the issue of investment incentives in the CR with the use of a time series regression analysis (1998–2019) in order to answer two main research questions: Do investment incentives attract investment into economically weaker regions? Do investments supported by incentives lead to the economic prosperity of these regions? The inspiration for the article comes from a comprehensive study focused on investment incentives in the CR (Schwarz et al., 2007). The experts’ views on investment incentives are ambiguous – some perceive them positively, others criticize them and consider them undesirable.
Jelena J. Stanković, Ivana Marjanović, Saša Drezgić
The competitiveness of cities is most often associated with their economic performances, but there is a growing consensus that other factors must be observed as relevant (Huggins et al., 2014). The performance of modern cities, in addition to hard infrastructure, is increasingly influenced by the availability and quality of social infrastructure (Caragliu et al., 2011). The development potential and competitiveness of the city depend on the quality of social infrastructure, i.e., human and social capital. Human capital is emerging as a major driver of innovation and economic growth. Therefore, attracting highly skilled workers plays a fundamental role in the perspective of cities since the economic progress of cities depends on the knowledge of highly skilled workers (Buch et al., 2017). The impact of population growth on urban areas is multidimensional, in addition to the impact on infrastructure, economy and patterns of social interaction, population growth also affects the environment (Marshall, 2007).