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JOB STANDARDIZATION AND DEVIANT WORKPLACE BEHAVIOR

Hsiao-Yen Mao

Businesses today are facing fiercely competitive global environments and firms use widespread mass production of goods and services for lower cost and larger market shares to sustain their survival and growth (Shalley & Gilson, 2017). Therefore, a job design and characteristic of standardization has long been adopted to stifle production variation by individual employees and to maintain output consistency, effectiveness and efficiency (Koval et al., 2019; Luoh et al., 2014; Shalley & Gilson, 2017). Job standardization has long been recognized and shown to be essential for production efficiency and best-practice reasons (Shalley & Gilson, 2017). However, Keeley (1988) maintained that organizations have a fundamental tension between the goal of efficiency and the goal of morality and struggle for a delicate balance between these competing objectives.
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PREDICTING JOB SATISFACTION AND WORK ENGAGEMENT BEHAVIOR IN THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES THEORY APPROACH

Marcela-Sefora Nemțeanu, Vasile Dinu, Rebeka-Anna Pop, Dan-Cristian Dabija

Since December 2019, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread rapidly on a global scale (WHO, 2021), strongly affecting organizations from all sectors of activity. Employees, in particular (ILO, 2020), have been forced to quickly alter their work behaviors and manner of working, being obliged to abandon commuting to the workplace and resort to large-scale remote working (Nemțeanu et al., 2021a). The pandemic has made its strongest imprint on the sector of services (Fernandes, 2020), for whom teleworking has become ‘the new normal’ (Belzunegui-Eraso & Erro-Garcés, 2020; Nemțeanu & Dabija, 2021). This new context has dramatically altered task performance – employee productivity having been strongly affected due to the time needed to adapt to the new reality and working conditions (Belzunegui-Eraso & Erro-Garcés, 2020).
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MANAGING COMMUNICATION AND PARTICIPATION IN CANARY ISLAND FIRMS

Zamira Acosta Rubio, Jaime Febles Acosta, Audrius Banaitis, Fernando A. F. Ferreira

Business activities’ significance in economies worldwide underscores the importance of studying companies’ operations to determine their managers’ ability to adapt to changes arising from globalization. Business organizations and management aspects, however, include such a wide range of factors needing analysis that these variables must first be defined and the most relevant factors selected. This study sought to deepen the existing knowledge about managers’ preferences regarding the use of communication to generate employee participation in strategic business management processes. This topic is of particular interest in the Canary Islands, which is a complex area from an economic perspective due to its geographical fragmentation and distance from the main production centres that stimulate trade. These islands also depend significantly on external supplies of essential goods and have limited industrial and agricultural sectors but a quite dominant service sector.
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AN EMPIRICAL STUDY TO INVESTIGATE THE COERCIVE MANAGEMENT BEHAVIOR: EVIDENCE FROM ACADEMIA

Niusha Eivazzadeh, Halil Nadiri

During recent decades, with the rise of worldwide competition and globalization, the noteworthiness of recruiting and retaining qualified employees has become an important factor in the success of the education industry (Gong et al., 2018). In other words, managing human resources plays a crucial role in increasing the sustainable competitive advantages of a higher education institute. Such a role is more profound in the education industry due to the direct effect of human resources, which consist of academics, on customers, who are students. Although recruiting highly talented academics is a challenging issue for human resource managers, retaining them within the organization, in the long term, requires high efforts and intention as well. It is quite clear that progress in science and technology improves the human being’s quality of life. Developing knowledge is the main purpose of the higher education system, which will be fulfilled by educating capable scientists. Academics and scholars are responsible for accomplishing this main goal of the higher education systém in universities. Iran is one of the countries which plays an active role in contributing to universal knowledge and technology (Naderi & Safarzade, 2014).
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TALENT RETENTION IN SLOVAK COMPANIES: EXPLORATIVE STUDY

Radovan Savov, Jana Kozáková, Jan Tlučhoř

TPeople and especially talented individuals are of remarkable interest for many academics in research (Collings et al., 2019; Meyers et al., 2013; Krishnan & Scullion, 2017). The reason is very simple. Human resources are the most valuable resource a company should have. People are movers of each company and create added value. A high commitment human resources strategy leads to a firm competitive advantage (Collins, 2020). Employees play an important role in forming a competitive advantage for the organization. The role of the employees has become pronounced and significant, and it is no longer conventional. They are responsible for the strategic planning and development of the organization (Chakraborty & Biswas, 2019). Nowadays, firms operate in an environment which is characterized by many political, economic, social, and technological changes (Wee & Taylor, 2018).These changes force companies to transform themselves to gain greater prosperity or to survive (Ocasio et al., 2017; Riviere et al., 2017).
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AGILE APPROACH IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: FOCUS ON GENERATION Y

Olga Revutska, Kateřina Maršíková

Today, the concept of agile is increasingly associated with the success of companies. It is not only about project management but also elements of agility support success in today’s dynamic business environment. The attitude to agility may vary from generation to generation. At present, Generation Y (also called as Millennials) is increasingly represented on the labour market not only among employees but also in managerial positions. The Millennial generation has now become the largest generational cohort in the workforce. As Millennials become more prevalent in organisations and in management, there is a need to understand how these persons will manage the incoming generation of workers, how Millennials will want to be managed in the future (Crocitto & Youssef, 2003). The aim of the authors is to explore this issue concerning elements of agile management.
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DEMOTIVATION OF MEDICAL STAFF IN THE SELECTED HEALTH FACILITY IN SLOVAKIA

Stanislav Szabo, Bohuslava Mihalčová, Jozef Lukáč, Peter Gallo, Veronika Čabinová, Iveta Vajdová

In the context of the research on human behaviour, the issue we deal with is the reason why a people’s message is precisely that, and not another one, what forces them to act as they do. Is it an external compulsion – e.g. to escape from danger, or that they want to achieve something – to satisfy some of their needs, interests in hobbies, or because they consider it right and moral? Can a person behave in a way that has no cause, or reason? Although we distinguish between involuntary and voluntary behaviour, human behaviour in the work process is largely influenced by the will, the desire that results from the impact of several motives. The concept of motivation is the internal process, the process of psychological causes of human behaviour. These causes are motives, internal presuppositions, and internal impulses leading to certain target behaviour. The process of motivation is thus the process of activating internal assumptions, guiding human action to a certain goal of their pursuit (Nakonečný, 1992). Motivation can be defined as processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal (Robbins, 2001).
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ANALYSIS OF GREEN ECONOMY DIMENSION IN THE CONTEXT OF CIRCULAR ECONOMY: THE CASE OF BALTIC SEA REGION

Jelena Stankevičienė, Marta Nikanorova, Gentjan Çera

Sustainability and sustainable economic development nowadays have become essential goals the world is challenged to achieve and a constant concern for policymakers (Garud & Gehman, 2012; Markard, Raven, & Truffer, 2012; Millar, McLaughlin, & Börger, 2019). Nowadays, the world is facing with the problém related to the inefficiently used resources and increased generated waste (D’Amato et al., 2017). The current economic model uses “takemake-waste” industrial model known as linear economy (make, use, dispose) (Kalmykova, Sadagopan, & Rosado, 2018). This paradigm does not take into account the fact that there is a limited amount of resources. Therefore, the world could face serious problems such as resource shortage due to the increasing economic volumes and amount of resources used to produce and offer goods and services.
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FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR OF GENERATION Y ON THE CZECH WINE MARKET

Jana Němcová, Pavla Staňková

According to Tibor Nyitray, President of the Wine Growers’ Union of the Czech Republic, wine is not only a product of nature, but also pleasure and joy, work and entrepreneurship, the result of long-term education and practise, the reason for meetings and association, and finally science and trade. Wine and winegrowing has made considerable progress in the last twenty years. Legislation has improved, the quality of equipment has risen, modern technologies have been developed, and a significant number of wines have obtained remarkable achievements at international competitions. Everything now depends on winemakers. They should not ‘only’ sell the wine that produce, but they should seek to build a good reputation for their products, gain the permanent confidence of consumers, and offer interesting and attractive wines. It is important that they will be more interested in what wines customers want to receive from them, and their aim should be in the first instance to satisfy consumers, and only after sales (Bárta, 2013).
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COMPETITIVENESS OF SLOVAK ENTERPRISES IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN REGION

Milota Vetráková, Lukáš Smerek

Many changes occurred in the management of the economy in Slovakia caused by the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s. The process of globalization into Slovak economic conditions was limited due to initial alertness. While the governments of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic presented themselves as pro-reform, the Slovak government preferred Slovak privatizers (Kosír, 2016). Nevertheless, the retail chain Billa entered Slovak market in 1990, followed by automobile giant Volkswagen in 1991, American retail chain Kmart in 1992, which took over the department stores Prior. Because of the reforms implemented, Slovakia gains confidence from foreign investors. Significant foreign capital inflows into the emerging business environment of the Slovak economy, such as Heineken, Coca-Cola, McDonald’s and others. A courtesy of Slovak government has also become reprivatisation of VSŽ Košice, which became part of the U.S. Steel, based in Pittsburgh in the USA.
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