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CONSUMERS’ PERCEPTIONS OF HEALTH AND FACTORS INFLUENCING FULFILMENT OF THE NEED FOR HEALTHCARE IN EU COUNTRIES

Irena Antošová, Naďa Hazuchová, Jana Stávková

The health is defined as a state of a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being. Responsibility for health is determined not only by the healthcare system and genetic predispositions of individuals but also by one’s lifestyle and approach to achieving and keeping a good state of health (World Health Organization, 2006). Consumer behaviour concerning healthcare differs from other areas, above all because it is “a question of life and death”. Therefore, this type of decision-making tends to get significantly affected by emotions (Cazacu, 2015). Another significant difference is that consumers get healthcare products and services through a third party, most often a physician, who recommends steps to be taken and makes the decisions (Radulescu et al., 2012). Kenkel (1990) states that physicians can create or reduce demand for their services. Meeting health care needs is not always a matter of consumer choice, but other factors also play a role.
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EVALUATING EFFICIENCY IN SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL FACILITIES – DEVELOPING THE MODEL BY WAY OF THE DISCRIMINANT ANALYSIS

Stanislav Szabo, Bohuslava Mihalčová, Peter Gallo, Marianna Ivaničková

Research of the issue of evaluating the efficiency in specialized hospital facilities in Slovakia is all important and up to date with the following reasons leading the way. The first one is based on the finding that the number of newborns in Slovakia suffering from congenital heart diseases has increased over the recent years, and in the period between 2002 and 2012 annually 451 children at an average are born with this congenital disorder. The incidence of live-born children suffering from congenital heart disease has been steadily increasing since 2009. The second reason is in that the diseases of the circulatory system are rated among the most frequent cause of hospitalization and mortality in Slovakia, as confirmed by the International Classification of Diseases or the ICD (the international equivalent of the Slovak MKCH-10).
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