THE IMPACT OF SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUND OWNERSHIP ON THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF FIRMS: THE EVIDENCE FROM EMERGING MARKETS
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Sovereign wealth funds, institutional investor, ﬁnancial performance, investing, emerging economies
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Sovereign Wealth Funds have been regarded as investment vehicles established in order to manage, in a rational and proﬁt-oriented way, pools of national wealth for future generations. SWFs are among…more
Sovereign Wealth Funds have been regarded as investment vehicles established in order to manage, in a rational and proﬁt-oriented way, pools of national wealth for future generations. SWFs are among the most important ﬁnancial institutions in global ﬁnancial markets, and constitute a solid element in the architecture of the international ﬁnancial safety net. Similarly to other institutional investors, Sovereign Wealth Funds possess huge amounts of capital. What distinguishes them the most from other ﬁnancial institutions is the fact that they are owned, managed and controlled by sovereign states, have limited liquidity needs, a lower-than-market-average-level of redemption risk, a long-term, intergenerational investment horizon and relatively high risk tolerance. The question of whether investment from Sovereign Wealth Funds determines changes in corporate ﬁnancial performance of a targeted ﬁrm is still unanswered question in the literature. This study tests empirically the impact of Sovereign Wealth Funds’ ownership on the ﬁnancial performance of targeted companies. Using the data of companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, we employ regression to analyze the relationship between the funds’ investment and accounting, as well as the market outcomes of the ﬁrm. The empirical ﬁndings of this research suggest that Sovereign Wealth Funds’ ownership has a positive inﬂuence on the price to book value of the ﬁrm. This article contributes to ongoing research in the ﬁeld of studies related to ﬁnancial aspects of SWF’s investment behavior. The empirical ﬁndings of this research can also serve as a useful reference for companies and academics concerning themselves with investment decision making in emerging markets, as well as the role of institutional investors.